Bitcoin Miners CLOUD MINING

Aeon

AEON is a private, secure, untraceable currency. You are your bank, you control your funds, and nobody can trace your transfers.
[link]

"CG/nChain announce Miner’s Choice initiative for BCH miners to lower minimums for fees and tx values. More choices for miners creates more options for users, and will spark faster adoption of Bitcoin Cash. Remove the current min. dust limit of 546 Satoshi. Accept some free tx's in ea block."

submitted by unstoppable-cash to btc [link] [comments]

"CG/nChain announce Miners Choice initiative for BCH miners to lower minimums for fees and tx values. More choices for miners creates more options for users, and will spark faster adoption of Bitcoin Cash. Remove the current min. dust limit of 546 Satoshi. Accept some free tx's in ea block."

submitted by SimilarAdvantage to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Why i’m bullish on Zilliqa (long read)

Edit: TL;DR added in the comments
 
Hey all, I've been researching coins since 2017 and have gone through 100s of them in the last 3 years. I got introduced to blockchain via Bitcoin of course, analyzed Ethereum thereafter and from that moment I have a keen interest in smart contact platforms. I’m passionate about Ethereum but I find Zilliqa to have a better risk-reward ratio. Especially because Zilliqa has found an elegant balance between being secure, decentralized and scalable in my opinion.
 
Below I post my analysis of why from all the coins I went through I’m most bullish on Zilliqa (yes I went through Tezos, EOS, NEO, VeChain, Harmony, Algorand, Cardano etc.). Note that this is not investment advice and although it's a thorough analysis there is obviously some bias involved. Looking forward to what you all think!
 
Fun fact: the name Zilliqa is a play on ‘silica’ silicon dioxide which means “Silicon for the high-throughput consensus computer.”
 
This post is divided into (i) Technology, (ii) Business & Partnerships, and (iii) Marketing & Community. I’ve tried to make the technology part readable for a broad audience. If you’ve ever tried understanding the inner workings of Bitcoin and Ethereum you should be able to grasp most parts. Otherwise, just skim through and once you are zoning out head to the next part.
 
Technology and some more:
 
Introduction
 
The technology is one of the main reasons why I’m so bullish on Zilliqa. First thing you see on their website is: “Zilliqa is a high-performance, high-security blockchain platform for enterprises and next-generation applications.” These are some bold statements.
 
Before we deep dive into the technology let’s take a step back in time first as they have quite the history. The initial research paper from which Zilliqa originated dates back to August 2016: Elastico: A Secure Sharding Protocol For Open Blockchains where Loi Luu (Kyber Network) is one of the co-authors. Other ideas that led to the development of what Zilliqa has become today are: Bitcoin-NG, collective signing CoSi, ByzCoin and Omniledger.
 
The technical white paper was made public in August 2017 and since then they have achieved everything stated in the white paper and also created their own open source intermediate level smart contract language called Scilla (functional programming language similar to OCaml) too.
 
Mainnet is live since the end of January 2019 with daily transaction rates growing continuously. About a week ago mainnet reached 5 million transactions, 500.000+ addresses in total along with 2400 nodes keeping the network decentralized and secure. Circulating supply is nearing 11 billion and currently only mining rewards are left. The maximum supply is 21 billion with annual inflation being 7.13% currently and will only decrease with time.
 
Zilliqa realized early on that the usage of public cryptocurrencies and smart contracts were increasing but decentralized, secure, and scalable alternatives were lacking in the crypto space. They proposed to apply sharding onto a public smart contract blockchain where the transaction rate increases almost linear with the increase in the amount of nodes. More nodes = higher transaction throughput and increased decentralization. Sharding comes in many forms and Zilliqa uses network-, transaction- and computational sharding. Network sharding opens up the possibility of using transaction- and computational sharding on top. Zilliqa does not use state sharding for now. We’ll come back to this later.
 
Before we continue dissecting how Zilliqa achieves such from a technological standpoint it’s good to keep in mind that a blockchain being decentralised and secure and scalable is still one of the main hurdles in allowing widespread usage of decentralised networks. In my opinion this needs to be solved first before blockchains can get to the point where they can create and add large scale value. So I invite you to read the next section to grasp the underlying fundamentals. Because after all these premises need to be true otherwise there isn’t a fundamental case to be bullish on Zilliqa, right?
 
Down the rabbit hole
 
How have they achieved this? Let’s define the basics first: key players on Zilliqa are the users and the miners. A user is anybody who uses the blockchain to transfer funds or run smart contracts. Miners are the (shard) nodes in the network who run the consensus protocol and get rewarded for their service in Zillings (ZIL). The mining network is divided into several smaller networks called shards, which is also referred to as ‘network sharding’. Miners subsequently are randomly assigned to a shard by another set of miners called DS (Directory Service) nodes. The regular shards process transactions and the outputs of these shards are eventually combined by the DS shard as they reach consensus on the final state. More on how these DS shards reach consensus (via pBFT) will be explained later on.
 
The Zilliqa network produces two types of blocks: DS blocks and Tx blocks. One DS Block consists of 100 Tx Blocks. And as previously mentioned there are two types of nodes concerned with reaching consensus: shard nodes and DS nodes. Becoming a shard node or DS node is being defined by the result of a PoW cycle (Ethash) at the beginning of the DS Block. All candidate mining nodes compete with each other and run the PoW (Proof-of-Work) cycle for 60 seconds and the submissions achieving the highest difficulty will be allowed on the network. And to put it in perspective: the average difficulty for one DS node is ~ 2 Th/s equaling 2.000.000 Mh/s or 55 thousand+ GeForce GTX 1070 / 8 GB GPUs at 35.4 Mh/s. Each DS Block 10 new DS nodes are allowed. And a shard node needs to provide around 8.53 GH/s currently (around 240 GTX 1070s). Dual mining ETH/ETC and ZIL is possible and can be done via mining software such as Phoenix and Claymore. There are pools and if you have large amounts of hashing power (Ethash) available you could mine solo.
 
The PoW cycle of 60 seconds is a peak performance and acts as an entry ticket to the network. The entry ticket is called a sybil resistance mechanism and makes it incredibly hard for adversaries to spawn lots of identities and manipulate the network with these identities. And after every 100 Tx Blocks which corresponds to roughly 1,5 hour this PoW process repeats. In between these 1,5 hour, no PoW needs to be done meaning Zilliqa’s energy consumption to keep the network secure is low. For more detailed information on how mining works click here.
Okay, hats off to you. You have made it this far. Before we go any deeper down the rabbit hole we first must understand why Zilliqa goes through all of the above technicalities and understand a bit more what a blockchain on a more fundamental level is. Because the core of Zilliqa’s consensus protocol relies on the usage of pBFT (practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance) we need to know more about state machines and their function. Navigate to Viewblock, a Zilliqa block explorer, and just come back to this article. We will use this site to navigate through a few concepts.
 
We have established that Zilliqa is a public and distributed blockchain. Meaning that everyone with an internet connection can send ZILs, trigger smart contracts, etc. and there is no central authority who fully controls the network. Zilliqa and other public and distributed blockchains (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) can also be defined as state machines.
 
Taking the liberty of paraphrasing examples and definitions given by Samuel Brooks’ medium article, he describes the definition of a blockchain (like Zilliqa) as: “A peer-to-peer, append-only datastore that uses consensus to synchronize cryptographically-secure data”.
 
Next, he states that: "blockchains are fundamentally systems for managing valid state transitions”. For some more context, I recommend reading the whole medium article to get a better grasp of the definitions and understanding of state machines. Nevertheless, let’s try to simplify and compile it into a single paragraph. Take traffic lights as an example: all its states (red, amber, and green) are predefined, all possible outcomes are known and it doesn’t matter if you encounter the traffic light today or tomorrow. It will still behave the same. Managing the states of a traffic light can be done by triggering a sensor on the road or pushing a button resulting in one traffic lights’ state going from green to red (via amber) and another light from red to green.
 
With public blockchains like Zilliqa, this isn’t so straightforward and simple. It started with block #1 almost 1,5 years ago and every 45 seconds or so a new block linked to the previous block is being added. Resulting in a chain of blocks with transactions in it that everyone can verify from block #1 to the current #647.000+ block. The state is ever changing and the states it can find itself in are infinite. And while the traffic light might work together in tandem with various other traffic lights, it’s rather insignificant comparing it to a public blockchain. Because Zilliqa consists of 2400 nodes who need to work together to achieve consensus on what the latest valid state is while some of these nodes may have latency or broadcast issues, drop offline or are deliberately trying to attack the network, etc.
 
Now go back to the Viewblock page take a look at the amount of transaction, addresses, block and DS height and then hit refresh. Obviously as expected you see new incremented values on one or all parameters. And how did the Zilliqa blockchain manage to transition from a previous valid state to the latest valid state? By using pBFT to reach consensus on the latest valid state.
 
After having obtained the entry ticket, miners execute pBFT to reach consensus on the ever-changing state of the blockchain. pBFT requires a series of network communication between nodes, and as such there is no GPU involved (but CPU). Resulting in the total energy consumed to keep the blockchain secure, decentralized and scalable being low.
 
pBFT stands for practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance and is an optimization on the Byzantine Fault Tolerant algorithm. To quote Blockonomi: “In the context of distributed systems, Byzantine Fault Tolerance is the ability of a distributed computer network to function as desired and correctly reach a sufficient consensus despite malicious components (nodes) of the system failing or propagating incorrect information to other peers.” Zilliqa is such a distributed computer network and depends on the honesty of the nodes (shard and DS) to reach consensus and to continuously update the state with the latest block. If pBFT is a new term for you I can highly recommend the Blockonomi article.
 
The idea of pBFT was introduced in 1999 - one of the authors even won a Turing award for it - and it is well researched and applied in various blockchains and distributed systems nowadays. If you want more advanced information than the Blockonomi link provides click here. And if you’re in between Blockonomi and the University of Singapore read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 2 dating from October 2017.
Quoting from the Zilliqa tech whitepaper: “pBFT relies upon a correct leader (which is randomly selected) to begin each phase and proceed when the sufficient majority exists. In case the leader is byzantine it can stall the entire consensus protocol. To address this challenge, pBFT offers a view change protocol to replace the byzantine leader with another one.”
 
pBFT can tolerate ⅓ of the nodes being dishonest (offline counts as Byzantine = dishonest) and the consensus protocol will function without stalling or hiccups. Once there are more than ⅓ of dishonest nodes but no more than ⅔ the network will be stalled and a view change will be triggered to elect a new DS leader. Only when more than ⅔ of the nodes are dishonest (66%) double-spend attacks become possible.
 
If the network stalls no transactions can be processed and one has to wait until a new honest leader has been elected. When the mainnet was just launched and in its early phases, view changes happened regularly. As of today the last stalling of the network - and view change being triggered - was at the end of October 2019.
 
Another benefit of using pBFT for consensus besides low energy is the immediate finality it provides. Once your transaction is included in a block and the block is added to the chain it’s done. Lastly, take a look at this article where three types of finality are being defined: probabilistic, absolute and economic finality. Zilliqa falls under the absolute finality (just like Tendermint for example). Although lengthy already we skipped through some of the inner workings from Zilliqa’s consensus: read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 3 and you will be close to having a complete picture on it. Enough about PoW, sybil resistance mechanism, pBFT, etc. Another thing we haven’t looked at yet is the amount of decentralization.
 
Decentralisation
 
Currently, there are four shards, each one of them consisting of 600 nodes. 1 shard with 600 so-called DS nodes (Directory Service - they need to achieve a higher difficulty than shard nodes) and 1800 shard nodes of which 250 are shard guards (centralized nodes controlled by the team). The amount of shard guards has been steadily declining from 1200 in January 2019 to 250 as of May 2020. On the Viewblock statistics, you can see that many of the nodes are being located in the US but those are only the (CPU parts of the) shard nodes who perform pBFT. There is no data from where the PoW sources are coming. And when the Zilliqa blockchain starts reaching its transaction capacity limit, a network upgrade needs to be executed to lift the current cap of maximum 2400 nodes to allow more nodes and formation of more shards which will allow to network to keep on scaling according to demand.
Besides shard nodes there are also seed nodes. The main role of seed nodes is to serve as direct access points (for end-users and clients) to the core Zilliqa network that validates transactions. Seed nodes consolidate transaction requests and forward these to the lookup nodes (another type of nodes) for distribution to the shards in the network. Seed nodes also maintain the entire transaction history and the global state of the blockchain which is needed to provide services such as block explorers. Seed nodes in the Zilliqa network are comparable to Infura on Ethereum.
 
The seed nodes were first only operated by Zilliqa themselves, exchanges and Viewblock. Operators of seed nodes like exchanges had no incentive to open them for the greater public. They were centralised at first. Decentralisation at the seed nodes level has been steadily rolled out since March 2020 ( Zilliqa Improvement Proposal 3 ). Currently the amount of seed nodes is being increased, they are public-facing and at the same time PoS is applied to incentivize seed node operators and make it possible for ZIL holders to stake and earn passive yields. Important distinction: seed nodes are not involved with consensus! That is still PoW as entry ticket and pBFT for the actual consensus.
 
5% of the block rewards are being assigned to seed nodes (from the beginning in 2019) and those are being used to pay out ZIL stakers. The 5% block rewards with an annual yield of 10.03% translate to roughly 610 MM ZILs in total that can be staked. Exchanges use the custodial variant of staking and wallets like Moonlet will use the non-custodial version (starting in Q3 2020). Staking is being done by sending ZILs to a smart contract created by Zilliqa and audited by Quantstamp.
 
With a high amount of DS; shard nodes and seed nodes becoming more decentralized too, Zilliqa qualifies for the label of decentralized in my opinion.
 
Smart contracts
 
Let me start by saying I’m not a developer and my programming skills are quite limited. So I‘m taking the ELI5 route (maybe 12) but if you are familiar with Javascript, Solidity or specifically OCaml please head straight to Scilla - read the docs to get a good initial grasp of how Zilliqa’s smart contract language Scilla works and if you ask yourself “why another programming language?” check this article. And if you want to play around with some sample contracts in an IDE click here. The faucet can be found here. And more information on architecture, dapp development and API can be found on the Developer Portal.
If you are more into listening and watching: check this recent webinar explaining Zilliqa and Scilla. Link is time-stamped so you’ll start right away with a platform introduction, roadmap 2020 and afterwards a proper Scilla introduction.
 
Generalized: programming languages can be divided into being ‘object-oriented’ or ‘functional’. Here is an ELI5 given by software development academy: * “all programs have two basic components, data – what the program knows – and behavior – what the program can do with that data. So object-oriented programming states that combining data and related behaviors in one place, is called “object”, which makes it easier to understand how a particular program works. On the other hand, functional programming argues that data and behavior are different things and should be separated to ensure their clarity.” *
 
Scilla is on the functional side and shares similarities with OCaml: OCaml is a general-purpose programming language with an emphasis on expressiveness and safety. It has an advanced type system that helps catch your mistakes without getting in your way. It's used in environments where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters, is supported by an active community, and has a rich set of libraries and development tools. For all its power, OCaml is also pretty simple, which is one reason it's often used as a teaching language.
 
Scilla is blockchain agnostic, can be implemented onto other blockchains as well, is recognized by academics and won a so-called Distinguished Artifact Award award at the end of last year.
 
One of the reasons why the Zilliqa team decided to create their own programming language focused on preventing smart contract vulnerabilities is that adding logic on a blockchain, programming, means that you cannot afford to make mistakes. Otherwise, it could cost you. It’s all great and fun blockchains being immutable but updating your code because you found a bug isn’t the same as with a regular web application for example. And with smart contracts, it inherently involves cryptocurrencies in some form thus value.
 
Another difference with programming languages on a blockchain is gas. Every transaction you do on a smart contract platform like Zilliqa or Ethereum costs gas. With gas you basically pay for computational costs. Sending a ZIL from address A to address B costs 0.001 ZIL currently. Smart contracts are more complex, often involve various functions and require more gas (if gas is a new concept click here ).
 
So with Scilla, similar to Solidity, you need to make sure that “every function in your smart contract will run as expected without hitting gas limits. An improper resource analysis may lead to situations where funds may get stuck simply because a part of the smart contract code cannot be executed due to gas limits. Such constraints are not present in traditional software systems”. Scilla design story part 1
 
Some examples of smart contract issues you’d want to avoid are: leaking funds, ‘unexpected changes to critical state variables’ (example: someone other than you setting his or her address as the owner of the smart contract after creation) or simply killing a contract.
 
Scilla also allows for formal verification. Wikipedia to the rescue: In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
 
Formal verification can be helpful in proving the correctness of systems such as: cryptographic protocols, combinational circuits, digital circuits with internal memory, and software expressed as source code.
 
Scilla is being developed hand-in-hand with formalization of its semantics and its embedding into the Coq proof assistant — a state-of-the art tool for mechanized proofs about properties of programs.”
 
Simply put, with Scilla and accompanying tooling developers can be mathematically sure and proof that the smart contract they’ve written does what he or she intends it to do.
 
Smart contract on a sharded environment and state sharding
 
There is one more topic I’d like to touch on: smart contract execution in a sharded environment (and what is the effect of state sharding). This is a complex topic. I’m not able to explain it any easier than what is posted here. But I will try to compress the post into something easy to digest.
 
Earlier on we have established that Zilliqa can process transactions in parallel due to network sharding. This is where the linear scalability comes from. We can define simple transactions: a transaction from address A to B (Category 1), a transaction where a user interacts with one smart contract (Category 2) and the most complex ones where triggering a transaction results in multiple smart contracts being involved (Category 3). The shards are able to process transactions on their own without interference of the other shards. With Category 1 transactions that is doable, with Category 2 transactions sometimes if that address is in the same shard as the smart contract but with Category 3 you definitely need communication between the shards. Solving that requires to make a set of communication rules the protocol needs to follow in order to process all transactions in a generalised fashion.
 
And this is where the downsides of state sharding comes in currently. All shards in Zilliqa have access to the complete state. Yes the state size (0.1 GB at the moment) grows and all of the nodes need to store it but it also means that they don’t need to shop around for information available on other shards. Requiring more communication and adding more complexity. Computer science knowledge and/or developer knowledge required links if you want to dig further: Scilla - language grammar Scilla - Foundations for Verifiable Decentralised Computations on a Blockchain Gas Accounting NUS x Zilliqa: Smart contract language workshop
 
Easier to follow links on programming Scilla https://learnscilla.com/home Ivan on Tech
 
Roadmap / Zilliqa 2.0
 
There is no strict defined roadmap but here are topics being worked on. And via the Zilliqa website there is also more information on the projects they are working on.
 
Business & Partnerships
 
It’s not only technology in which Zilliqa seems to be excelling as their ecosystem has been expanding and starting to grow rapidly. The project is on a mission to provide OpenFinance (OpFi) to the world and Singapore is the right place to be due to its progressive regulations and futuristic thinking. Singapore has taken a proactive approach towards cryptocurrencies by introducing the Payment Services Act 2019 (PS Act). Among other things, the PS Act will regulate intermediaries dealing with certain cryptocurrencies, with a particular focus on consumer protection and anti-money laundering. It will also provide a stable regulatory licensing and operating framework for cryptocurrency entities, effectively covering all crypto businesses and exchanges based in Singapore. According to PWC 82% of the surveyed executives in Singapore reported blockchain initiatives underway and 13% of them have already brought the initiatives live to the market. There is also an increasing list of organizations that are starting to provide digital payment services. Moreover, Singaporean blockchain developers Building Cities Beyond has recently created an innovation $15 million grant to encourage development on its ecosystem. This all suggests that Singapore tries to position itself as (one of) the leading blockchain hubs in the world.
 
Zilliqa seems to already take advantage of this and recently helped launch Hg Exchange on their platform, together with financial institutions PhillipCapital, PrimePartners and Fundnel. Hg Exchange, which is now approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), uses smart contracts to represent digital assets. Through Hg Exchange financial institutions worldwide can use Zilliqa's safe-by-design smart contracts to enable the trading of private equities. For example, think of companies such as Grab, Airbnb, SpaceX that are not available for public trading right now. Hg Exchange will allow investors to buy shares of private companies & unicorns and capture their value before an IPO. Anquan, the main company behind Zilliqa, has also recently announced that they became a partner and shareholder in TEN31 Bank, which is a fully regulated bank allowing for tokenization of assets and is aiming to bridge the gap between conventional banking and the blockchain world. If STOs, the tokenization of assets, and equity trading will continue to increase, then Zilliqa’s public blockchain would be the ideal candidate due to its strategic positioning, partnerships, regulatory compliance and the technology that is being built on top of it.
 
What is also very encouraging is their focus on banking the un(der)banked. They are launching a stablecoin basket starting with XSGD. As many of you know, stablecoins are currently mostly used for trading. However, Zilliqa is actively trying to broaden the use case of stablecoins. I recommend everybody to read this text that Amrit Kumar wrote (one of the co-founders). These stablecoins will be integrated in the traditional markets and bridge the gap between the crypto world and the traditional world. This could potentially revolutionize and legitimise the crypto space if retailers and companies will for example start to use stablecoins for payments or remittances, instead of it solely being used for trading.
 
Zilliqa also released their DeFi strategic roadmap (dating November 2019) which seems to be aligning well with their OpFi strategy. A non-custodial DEX is coming to Zilliqa made by Switcheo which allows cross-chain trading (atomic swaps) between ETH, EOS and ZIL based tokens. They also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a (soon to be announced) USD stablecoin. And as Zilliqa is all about regulations and being compliant, I’m speculating on it to be a regulated USD stablecoin. Furthermore, XSGD is already created and visible on block explorer and XIDR (Indonesian Stablecoin) is also coming soon via StraitsX. Here also an overview of the Tech Stack for Financial Applications from September 2019. Further quoting Amrit Kumar on this:
 
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are built on top of these blocks.
 
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”
 
Additionally, they also have this ZILHive initiative that injects capital into projects. There have been already 6 waves of various teams working on infrastructure, innovation and research, and they are not from ASEAN or Singapore only but global: see Grantees breakdown by country. Over 60 project teams from over 20 countries have contributed to Zilliqa's ecosystem. This includes individuals and teams developing wallets, explorers, developer toolkits, smart contract testing frameworks, dapps, etc. As some of you may know, Unstoppable Domains (UD) blew up when they launched on Zilliqa. UD aims to replace cryptocurrency addresses with a human-readable name and allows for uncensorable websites. Zilliqa will probably be the only one able to handle all these transactions onchain due to ability to scale and its resulting low fees which is why the UD team launched this on Zilliqa in the first place. Furthermore, Zilliqa also has a strong emphasis on security, compliance, and privacy, which is why they partnered with companies like Elliptic, ChainSecurity (part of PwC Switzerland), and Incognito. Their sister company Aqilliz (Zilliqa spelled backwards) focuses on revolutionizing the digital advertising space and is doing interesting things like using Zilliqa to track outdoor digital ads with companies like Foodpanda.
 
Zilliqa is listed on nearly all major exchanges, having several different fiat-gateways and recently have been added to Binance’s margin trading and futures trading with really good volume. They also have a very impressive team with good credentials and experience. They don't just have “tech people”. They have a mix of tech people, business people, marketeers, scientists, and more. Naturally, it's good to have a mix of people with different skill sets if you work in the crypto space.
 
Marketing & Community
 
Zilliqa has a very strong community. If you just follow their Twitter their engagement is much higher for a coin that has approximately 80k followers. They also have been ‘coin of the day’ by LunarCrush many times. LunarCrush tracks real-time cryptocurrency value and social data. According to their data, it seems Zilliqa has a more fundamental and deeper understanding of marketing and community engagement than almost all other coins. While almost all coins have been a bit frozen in the last months, Zilliqa seems to be on its own bull run. It was somewhere in the 100s a few months ago and is currently ranked #46 on CoinGecko. Their official Telegram also has over 20k people and is very active, and their community channel which is over 7k now is more active and larger than many other official channels. Their local communities also seem to be growing.
 
Moreover, their community started ‘Zillacracy’ together with the Zilliqa core team ( see www.zillacracy.com ). It’s a community-run initiative where people from all over the world are now helping with marketing and development on Zilliqa. Since its launch in February 2020 they have been doing a lot and will also run their own non-custodial seed node for staking. This seed node will also allow them to start generating revenue for them to become a self sustaining entity that could potentially scale up to become a decentralized company working in parallel with the Zilliqa core team. Comparing it to all the other smart contract platforms (e.g. Cardano, EOS, Tezos etc.) they don't seem to have started a similar initiative (correct me if I’m wrong though). This suggests in my opinion that these other smart contract platforms do not fully understand how to utilize the ‘power of the community’. This is something you cannot ‘buy with money’ and gives many projects in the space a disadvantage.
 
Zilliqa also released two social products called SocialPay and Zeeves. SocialPay allows users to earn ZILs while tweeting with a specific hashtag. They have recently used it in partnership with the Singapore Red Cross for a marketing campaign after their initial pilot program. It seems like a very valuable social product with a good use case. I can see a lot of traditional companies entering the space through this product, which they seem to suggest will happen. Tokenizing hashtags with smart contracts to get network effect is a very smart and innovative idea.
 
Regarding Zeeves, this is a tipping bot for Telegram. They already have 1000s of signups and they plan to keep upgrading it for more and more people to use it (e.g. they recently have added a quiz features). They also use it during AMAs to reward people in real-time. It’s a very smart approach to grow their communities and get familiar with ZIL. I can see this becoming very big on Telegram. This tool suggests, again, that the Zilliqa team has a deeper understanding of what the crypto space and community needs and is good at finding the right innovative tools to grow and scale.
 
To be honest, I haven’t covered everything (i’m also reaching the character limited haha). So many updates happening lately that it's hard to keep up, such as the International Monetary Fund mentioning Zilliqa in their report, custodial and non-custodial Staking, Binance Margin, Futures, Widget, entering the Indian market, and more. The Head of Marketing Colin Miles has also released this as an overview of what is coming next. And last but not least, Vitalik Buterin has been mentioning Zilliqa lately acknowledging Zilliqa and mentioning that both projects have a lot of room to grow. There is much more info of course and a good part of it has been served to you on a silver platter. I invite you to continue researching by yourself :-) And if you have any comments or questions please post here!
submitted by haveyouheardaboutit to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Why i’m bullish on Zilliqa (long read)

Hey all, I've been researching coins since 2017 and have gone through 100s of them in the last 3 years. I got introduced to blockchain via Bitcoin of course, analysed Ethereum thereafter and from that moment I have a keen interest in smart contact platforms. I’m passionate about Ethereum but I find Zilliqa to have a better risk reward ratio. Especially because Zilliqa has found an elegant balance between being secure, decentralised and scalable in my opinion.
 
Below I post my analysis why from all the coins I went through I’m most bullish on Zilliqa (yes I went through Tezos, EOS, NEO, VeChain, Harmony, Algorand, Cardano etc.). Note that this is not investment advice and although it's a thorough analysis there is obviously some bias involved. Looking forward to what you all think!
 
Fun fact: the name Zilliqa is a play on ‘silica’ silicon dioxide which means “Silicon for the high-throughput consensus computer.”
 
This post is divided into (i) Technology, (ii) Business & Partnerships, and (iii) Marketing & Community. I’ve tried to make the technology part readable for a broad audience. If you’ve ever tried understanding the inner workings of Bitcoin and Ethereum you should be able to grasp most parts. Otherwise just skim through and once you are zoning out head to the next part.
 
Technology and some more:
 
Introduction The technology is one of the main reasons why I’m so bullish on Zilliqa. First thing you see on their website is: “Zilliqa is a high-performance, high-security blockchain platform for enterprises and next-generation applications.” These are some bold statements.
 
Before we deep dive into the technology let’s take a step back in time first as they have quite the history. The initial research paper from which Zilliqa originated dates back to August 2016: Elastico: A Secure Sharding Protocol For Open Blockchains where Loi Luu (Kyber Network) is one of the co-authors. Other ideas that led to the development of what Zilliqa has become today are: Bitcoin-NG, collective signing CoSi, ByzCoin and Omniledger.
 
The technical white paper was made public in August 2017 and since then they have achieved everything stated in the white paper and also created their own open source intermediate level smart contract language called Scilla (functional programming language similar to OCaml) too.
 
Mainnet is live since end of January 2019 with daily transaction rate growing continuously. About a week ago mainnet reached 5 million transactions, 500.000+ addresses in total along with 2400 nodes keeping the network decentralised and secure. Circulating supply is nearing 11 billion and currently only mining rewards are left. Maximum supply is 21 billion with annual inflation being 7.13% currently and will only decrease with time.
 
Zilliqa realised early on that the usage of public cryptocurrencies and smart contracts were increasing but decentralised, secure and scalable alternatives were lacking in the crypto space. They proposed to apply sharding onto a public smart contract blockchain where the transaction rate increases almost linear with the increase in amount of nodes. More nodes = higher transaction throughput and increased decentralisation. Sharding comes in many forms and Zilliqa uses network-, transaction- and computational sharding. Network sharding opens up the possibility of using transaction- and computational sharding on top. Zilliqa does not use state sharding for now. We’ll come back to this later.
 
Before we continue disecting how Zilliqa achieves such from a technological standpoint it’s good to keep in mind that a blockchain being decentralised and secure and scalable is still one of the main hurdles in allowing widespread usage of decentralised networks. In my opinion this needs to be solved first before blockchains can get to the point where they can create and add large scale value. So I invite you to read the next section to grasp the underlying fundamentals. Because after all these premises need to be true otherwise there isn’t a fundamental case to be bullish on Zilliqa, right?
 
Down the rabbit hole
 
How have they achieved this? Let’s define the basics first: key players on Zilliqa are the users and the miners. A user is anybody who uses the blockchain to transfer funds or run smart contracts. Miners are the (shard) nodes in the network who run the consensus protocol and get rewarded for their service in Zillings (ZIL). The mining network is divided into several smaller networks called shards, which is also referred to as ‘network sharding’. Miners subsequently are randomly assigned to a shard by another set of miners called DS (Directory Service) nodes. The regular shards process transactions and the outputs of these shards are eventually combined by the DS shard as they reach consensus on the final state. More on how these DS shards reach consensus (via pBFT) will be explained later on.
 
The Zilliqa network produces two types of blocks: DS blocks and Tx blocks. One DS Block consists of 100 Tx Blocks. And as previously mentioned there are two types of nodes concerned with reaching consensus: shard nodes and DS nodes. Becoming a shard node or DS node is being defined by the result of a PoW cycle (Ethash) at the beginning of the DS Block. All candidate mining nodes compete with each other and run the PoW (Proof-of-Work) cycle for 60 seconds and the submissions achieving the highest difficulty will be allowed on the network. And to put it in perspective: the average difficulty for one DS node is ~ 2 Th/s equaling 2.000.000 Mh/s or 55 thousand+ GeForce GTX 1070 / 8 GB GPUs at 35.4 Mh/s. Each DS Block 10 new DS nodes are allowed. And a shard node needs to provide around 8.53 GH/s currently (around 240 GTX 1070s). Dual mining ETH/ETC and ZIL is possible and can be done via mining software such as Phoenix and Claymore. There are pools and if you have large amounts of hashing power (Ethash) available you could mine solo.
 
The PoW cycle of 60 seconds is a peak performance and acts as an entry ticket to the network. The entry ticket is called a sybil resistance mechanism and makes it incredibly hard for adversaries to spawn lots of identities and manipulate the network with these identities. And after every 100 Tx Blocks which corresponds to roughly 1,5 hour this PoW process repeats. In between these 1,5 hour no PoW needs to be done meaning Zilliqa’s energy consumption to keep the network secure is low. For more detailed information on how mining works click here.
Okay, hats off to you. You have made it this far. Before we go any deeper down the rabbit hole we first must understand why Zilliqa goes through all of the above technicalities and understand a bit more what a blockchain on a more fundamental level is. Because the core of Zilliqa’s consensus protocol relies on the usage of pBFT (practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance) we need to know more about state machines and their function. Navigate to Viewblock, a Zilliqa block explorer, and just come back to this article. We will use this site to navigate through a few concepts.
 
We have established that Zilliqa is a public and distributed blockchain. Meaning that everyone with an internet connection can send ZILs, trigger smart contracts etc. and there is no central authority who fully controls the network. Zilliqa and other public and distributed blockchains (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) can also be defined as state machines.
 
Taking the liberty of paraphrasing examples and definitions given by Samuel Brooks’ medium article, he describes the definition of a blockchain (like Zilliqa) as:
“A peer-to-peer, append-only datastore that uses consensus to synchronise cryptographically-secure data”.
 
Next he states that: >“blockchains are fundamentally systems for managing valid state transitions”.* For some more context, I recommend reading the whole medium article to get a better grasp of the definitions and understanding of state machines. Nevertheless, let’s try to simplify and compile it into a single paragraph. Take traffic lights as an example: all its states (red, amber and green) are predefined, all possible outcomes are known and it doesn’t matter if you encounter the traffic light today or tomorrow. It will still behave the same. Managing the states of a traffic light can be done by triggering a sensor on the road or pushing a button resulting in one traffic lights’ state going from green to red (via amber) and another light from red to green.
 
With public blockchains like Zilliqa this isn’t so straightforward and simple. It started with block #1 almost 1,5 years ago and every 45 seconds or so a new block linked to the previous block is being added. Resulting in a chain of blocks with transactions in it that everyone can verify from block #1 to the current #647.000+ block. The state is ever changing and the states it can find itself in are infinite. And while the traffic light might work together in tandem with various other traffic lights, it’s rather insignificant comparing it to a public blockchain. Because Zilliqa consists of 2400 nodes who need to work together to achieve consensus on what the latest valid state is while some of these nodes may have latency or broadcast issues, drop offline or are deliberately trying to attack the network etc.
 
Now go back to the Viewblock page take a look at the amount of transaction, addresses, block and DS height and then hit refresh. Obviously as expected you see new incremented values on one or all parameters. And how did the Zilliqa blockchain manage to transition from a previous valid state to the latest valid state? By using pBFT to reach consensus on the latest valid state.
 
After having obtained the entry ticket, miners execute pBFT to reach consensus on the ever changing state of the blockchain. pBFT requires a series of network communication between nodes, and as such there is no GPU involved (but CPU). Resulting in the total energy consumed to keep the blockchain secure, decentralised and scalable being low.
 
pBFT stands for practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance and is an optimisation on the Byzantine Fault Tolerant algorithm. To quote Blockonomi: “In the context of distributed systems, Byzantine Fault Tolerance is the ability of a distributed computer network to function as desired and correctly reach a sufficient consensus despite malicious components (nodes) of the system failing or propagating incorrect information to other peers.” Zilliqa is such a distributed computer network and depends on the honesty of the nodes (shard and DS) to reach consensus and to continuously update the state with the latest block. If pBFT is a new term for you I can highly recommend the Blockonomi article.
 
The idea of pBFT was introduced in 1999 - one of the authors even won a Turing award for it - and it is well researched and applied in various blockchains and distributed systems nowadays. If you want more advanced information than the Blockonomi link provides click here. And if you’re in between Blockonomi and University of Singapore read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 2 dating from October 2017.
Quoting from the Zilliqa tech whitepaper: “pBFT relies upon a correct leader (which is randomly selected) to begin each phase and proceed when the sufficient majority exists. In case the leader is byzantine it can stall the entire consensus protocol. To address this challenge, pBFT offers a view change protocol to replace the byzantine leader with another one.”
 
pBFT can tolerate ⅓ of the nodes being dishonest (offline counts as Byzantine = dishonest) and the consensus protocol will function without stalling or hiccups. Once there are more than ⅓ of dishonest nodes but no more than ⅔ the network will be stalled and a view change will be triggered to elect a new DS leader. Only when more than ⅔ of the nodes are dishonest (>66%) double spend attacks become possible.
 
If the network stalls no transactions can be processed and one has to wait until a new honest leader has been elected. When the mainnet was just launched and in its early phases, view changes happened regularly. As of today the last stalling of the network - and view change being triggered - was at the end of October 2019.
 
Another benefit of using pBFT for consensus besides low energy is the immediate finality it provides. Once your transaction is included in a block and the block is added to the chain it’s done. Lastly, take a look at this article where three types of finality are being defined: probabilistic, absolute and economic finality. Zilliqa falls under the absolute finality (just like Tendermint for example). Although lengthy already we skipped through some of the inner workings from Zilliqa’s consensus: read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 3 and you will be close to having a complete picture on it. Enough about PoW, sybil resistance mechanism, pBFT etc. Another thing we haven’t looked at yet is the amount of decentralisation.
 
Decentralisation
 
Currently there are four shards, each one of them consisting of 600 nodes. 1 shard with 600 so called DS nodes (Directory Service - they need to achieve a higher difficulty than shard nodes) and 1800 shard nodes of which 250 are shard guards (centralised nodes controlled by the team). The amount of shard guards has been steadily declining from 1200 in January 2019 to 250 as of May 2020. On the Viewblock statistics you can see that many of the nodes are being located in the US but those are only the (CPU parts of the) shard nodes who perform pBFT. There is no data from where the PoW sources are coming. And when the Zilliqa blockchain starts reaching their transaction capacity limit, a network upgrade needs to be executed to lift the current cap of maximum 2400 nodes to allow more nodes and formation of more shards which will allow to network to keep on scaling according to demand.
Besides shard nodes there are also seed nodes. The main role of seed nodes is to serve as direct access points (for end users and clients) to the core Zilliqa network that validates transactions. Seed nodes consolidate transaction requests and forward these to the lookup nodes (another type of nodes) for distribution to the shards in the network. Seed nodes also maintain the entire transaction history and the global state of the blockchain which is needed to provide services such as block explorers. Seed nodes in the Zilliqa network are comparable to Infura on Ethereum.
 
The seed nodes were first only operated by Zilliqa themselves, exchanges and Viewblock. Operators of seed nodes like exchanges had no incentive to open them for the greater public.They were centralised at first. Decentralisation at the seed nodes level has been steadily rolled out since March 2020 ( Zilliqa Improvement Proposal 3 ). Currently the amount of seed nodes is being increased, they are public facing and at the same time PoS is applied to incentivize seed node operators and make it possible for ZIL holders to stake and earn passive yields. Important distinction: seed nodes are not involved with consensus! That is still PoW as entry ticket and pBFT for the actual consensus.
 
5% of the block rewards are being assigned to seed nodes (from the beginning in 2019) and those are being used to pay out ZIL stakers.The 5% block rewards with an annual yield of 10.03% translates to roughly 610 MM ZILs in total that can be staked. Exchanges use the custodial variant of staking and wallets like Moonlet will use the non custodial version (starting in Q3 2020). Staking is being done by sending ZILs to a smart contract created by Zilliqa and audited by Quantstamp.
 
With a high amount of DS & shard nodes and seed nodes becoming more decentralised too, Zilliqa qualifies for the label of decentralised in my opinion.
 
Smart contracts
 
Let me start by saying I’m not a developer and my programming skills are quite limited. So I‘m taking the ELI5 route (maybe 12) but if you are familiar with Javascript, Solidity or specifically OCaml please head straight to Scilla - read the docs to get a good initial grasp of how Zilliqa’s smart contract language Scilla works and if you ask yourself “why another programming language?” check this article. And if you want to play around with some sample contracts in an IDE click here. Faucet can be found here. And more information on architecture, dapp development and API can be found on the Developer Portal.
If you are more into listening and watching: check this recent webinar explaining Zilliqa and Scilla. Link is time stamped so you’ll start right away with a platform introduction, R&D roadmap 2020 and afterwards a proper Scilla introduction.
 
Generalised: programming languages can be divided into being ‘object oriented’ or ‘functional’. Here is an ELI5 given by software development academy: > “all programmes have two basic components, data – what the programme knows – and behaviour – what the programme can do with that data. So object-oriented programming states that combining data and related behaviours in one place, is called “object”, which makes it easier to understand how a particular program works. On the other hand, functional programming argues that data and behaviour are different things and should be separated to ensure their clarity.”
 
Scilla is on the functional side and shares similarities with OCaml: > OCaml is a general purpose programming language with an emphasis on expressiveness and safety. It has an advanced type system that helps catch your mistakes without getting in your way. It's used in environments where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters, is supported by an active community, and has a rich set of libraries and development tools. For all its power, OCaml is also pretty simple, which is one reason it's often used as a teaching language.
 
Scilla is blockchain agnostic, can be implemented onto other blockchains as well, is recognised by academics and won a so called Distinguished Artifact Award award at the end of last year.
 
One of the reasons why the Zilliqa team decided to create their own programming language focused on preventing smart contract vulnerabilities safety is that adding logic on a blockchain, programming, means that you cannot afford to make mistakes. Otherwise it could cost you. It’s all great and fun blockchains being immutable but updating your code because you found a bug isn’t the same as with a regular web application for example. And with smart contracts it inherently involves cryptocurrencies in some form thus value.
 
Another difference with programming languages on a blockchain is gas. Every transaction you do on a smart contract platform like Zilliqa for Ethereum costs gas. With gas you basically pay for computational costs. Sending a ZIL from address A to address B costs 0.001 ZIL currently. Smart contracts are more complex, often involve various functions and require more gas (if gas is a new concept click here ).
 
So with Scilla, similar to Solidity, you need to make sure that “every function in your smart contract will run as expected without hitting gas limits. An improper resource analysis may lead to situations where funds may get stuck simply because a part of the smart contract code cannot be executed due to gas limits. Such constraints are not present in traditional software systems”. Scilla design story part 1
 
Some examples of smart contract issues you’d want to avoid are: leaking funds, ‘unexpected changes to critical state variables’ (example: someone other than you setting his or her address as the owner of the smart contract after creation) or simply killing a contract.
 
Scilla also allows for formal verification. Wikipedia to the rescue:
In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
 
Formal verification can be helpful in proving the correctness of systems such as: cryptographic protocols, combinational circuits, digital circuits with internal memory, and software expressed as source code.
 
Scilla is being developed hand-in-hand with formalization of its semantics and its embedding into the Coq proof assistant — a state-of-the art tool for mechanized proofs about properties of programs.”
 
Simply put, with Scilla and accompanying tooling developers can be mathematically sure and proof that the smart contract they’ve written does what he or she intends it to do.
 
Smart contract on a sharded environment and state sharding
 
There is one more topic I’d like to touch on: smart contract execution in a sharded environment (and what is the effect of state sharding). This is a complex topic. I’m not able to explain it any easier than what is posted here. But I will try to compress the post into something easy to digest.
 
Earlier on we have established that Zilliqa can process transactions in parallel due to network sharding. This is where the linear scalability comes from. We can define simple transactions: a transaction from address A to B (Category 1), a transaction where a user interacts with one smart contract (Category 2) and the most complex ones where triggering a transaction results in multiple smart contracts being involved (Category 3). The shards are able to process transactions on their own without interference of the other shards. With Category 1 transactions that is doable, with Category 2 transactions sometimes if that address is in the same shard as the smart contract but with Category 3 you definitely need communication between the shards. Solving that requires to make a set of communication rules the protocol needs to follow in order to process all transactions in a generalised fashion.
 
And this is where the downsides of state sharding comes in currently. All shards in Zilliqa have access to the complete state. Yes the state size (0.1 GB at the moment) grows and all of the nodes need to store it but it also means that they don’t need to shop around for information available on other shards. Requiring more communication and adding more complexity. Computer science knowledge and/or developer knowledge required links if you want to dig further: Scilla - language grammar Scilla - Foundations for Verifiable Decentralised Computations on a Blockchain Gas Accounting NUS x Zilliqa: Smart contract language workshop
 
Easier to follow links on programming Scilla https://learnscilla.com/home Ivan on Tech
 
Roadmap / Zilliqa 2.0
 
There is no strict defined roadmap but here are topics being worked on. And via the Zilliqa website there is also more information on the projects they are working on.
 
Business & Partnerships  
It’s not only technology in which Zilliqa seems to be excelling as their ecosystem has been expanding and starting to grow rapidly. The project is on a mission to provide OpenFinance (OpFi) to the world and Singapore is the right place to be due to its progressive regulations and futuristic thinking. Singapore has taken a proactive approach towards cryptocurrencies by introducing the Payment Services Act 2019 (PS Act). Among other things, the PS Act will regulate intermediaries dealing with certain cryptocurrencies, with a particular focus on consumer protection and anti-money laundering. It will also provide a stable regulatory licensing and operating framework for cryptocurrency entities, effectively covering all crypto businesses and exchanges based in Singapore. According to PWC 82% of the surveyed executives in Singapore reported blockchain initiatives underway and 13% of them have already brought the initiatives live to the market. There is also an increasing list of organisations that are starting to provide digital payment services. Moreover, Singaporean blockchain developers Building Cities Beyond has recently created an innovation $15 million grant to encourage development on its ecosystem. This all suggest that Singapore tries to position itself as (one of) the leading blockchain hubs in the world.
 
Zilliqa seems to already taking advantage of this and recently helped launch Hg Exchange on their platform, together with financial institutions PhillipCapital, PrimePartners and Fundnel. Hg Exchange, which is now approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), uses smart contracts to represent digital assets. Through Hg Exchange financial institutions worldwide can use Zilliqa's safe-by-design smart contracts to enable the trading of private equities. For example, think of companies such as Grab, AirBnB, SpaceX that are not available for public trading right now. Hg Exchange will allow investors to buy shares of private companies & unicorns and capture their value before an IPO. Anquan, the main company behind Zilliqa, has also recently announced that they became a partner and shareholder in TEN31 Bank, which is a fully regulated bank allowing for tokenization of assets and is aiming to bridge the gap between conventional banking and the blockchain world. If STOs, the tokenization of assets, and equity trading will continue to increase, then Zilliqa’s public blockchain would be the ideal candidate due to its strategic positioning, partnerships, regulatory compliance and the technology that is being built on top of it.
 
What is also very encouraging is their focus on banking the un(der)banked. They are launching a stablecoin basket starting with XSGD. As many of you know, stablecoins are currently mostly used for trading. However, Zilliqa is actively trying to broaden the use case of stablecoins. I recommend everybody to read this text that Amrit Kumar wrote (one of the co-founders). These stablecoins will be integrated in the traditional markets and bridge the gap between the crypto world and the traditional world. This could potentially revolutionize and legitimise the crypto space if retailers and companies will for example start to use stablecoins for payments or remittances, instead of it solely being used for trading.
 
Zilliqa also released their DeFi strategic roadmap (dating November 2019) which seems to be aligning well with their OpFi strategy. A non-custodial DEX is coming to Zilliqa made by Switcheo which allows cross-chain trading (atomic swaps) between ETH, EOS and ZIL based tokens. They also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a (soon to be announced) USD stablecoin. And as Zilliqa is all about regulations and being compliant, I’m speculating on it to be a regulated USD stablecoin. Furthermore, XSGD is already created and visible on block explorer and XIDR (Indonesian Stablecoin) is also coming soon via StraitsX. Here also an overview of the Tech Stack for Financial Applications from September 2019. Further quoting Amrit Kumar on this:
 
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are build on top of these blocks.
 
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”*
 
Additionally, they also have this ZILHive initiative that injects capital into projects. There have been already 6 waves of various teams working on infrastructure, innovation and research, and they are not from ASEAN or Singapore only but global: see Grantees breakdown by country. Over 60 project teams from over 20 countries have contributed to Zilliqa's ecosystem. This includes individuals and teams developing wallets, explorers, developer toolkits, smart contract testing frameworks, dapps, etc. As some of you may know, Unstoppable Domains (UD) blew up when they launched on Zilliqa. UD aims to replace cryptocurrency addresses with a human readable name and allows for uncensorable websites. Zilliqa will probably be the only one able to handle all these transactions onchain due to ability to scale and its resulting low fees which is why the UD team launched this on Zilliqa in the first place. Furthermore, Zilliqa also has a strong emphasis on security, compliance, and privacy, which is why they partnered with companies like Elliptic, ChainSecurity (part of PwC Switzerland), and Incognito. Their sister company Aqilliz (Zilliqa spelled backwards) focuses on revolutionizing the digital advertising space and is doing interesting things like using Zilliqa to track outdoor digital ads with companies like Foodpanda.
 
Zilliqa is listed on nearly all major exchanges, having several different fiat-gateways and recently have been added to Binance’s margin trading and futures trading with really good volume. They also have a very impressive team with good credentials and experience. They dont just have “tech people”. They have a mix of tech people, business people, marketeers, scientists, and more. Naturally, it's good to have a mix of people with different skill sets if you work in the crypto space.
 
Marketing & Community
 
Zilliqa has a very strong community. If you just follow their Twitter their engagement is much higher for a coin that has approximately 80k followers. They also have been ‘coin of the day’ by LunarCrush many times. LunarCrush tracks real-time cryptocurrency value and social data. According to their data it seems Zilliqa has a more fundamental and deeper understanding of marketing and community engagement than almost all other coins. While almost all coins have been a bit frozen in the last months, Zilliqa seems to be on its own bull run. It was somewhere in the 100s a few months ago and is currently ranked #46 on CoinGecko. Their official Telegram also has over 20k people and is very active, and their community channel which is over 7k now is more active and larger than many other official channels. Their local communities) also seem to be growing.
 
Moreover, their community started ‘Zillacracy’ together with the Zilliqa core team ( see www.zillacracy.com ). It’s a community run initiative where people from all over the world are now helping with marketing and development on Zilliqa. Since its launch in February 2020 they have been doing a lot and will also run their own non custodial seed node for staking. This seed node will also allow them to start generating revenue for them to become a self sustaining entity that could potentially scale up to become a decentralized company working in parallel with the Zilliqa core team. Comparing it to all the other smart contract platforms (e.g. Cardano, EOS, Tezos etc.) they don't seem to have started a similar initiatives (correct me if I’m wrong though). This suggest in my opinion that these other smart contract platforms do not fully understand how to utilize the ‘power of the community’. This is something you cannot ‘buy with money’ and gives many projects in the space a disadvantage.
 
Zilliqa also released two social products called SocialPay and Zeeves. SocialPay allows users to earn ZILs while tweeting with a specific hashtag. They have recently used it in partnership with the Singapore Red Cross for a marketing campaign after their initial pilot program. It seems like a very valuable social product with a good use case. I can see a lot of traditional companies entering the space through this product, which they seem to suggest will happen. Tokenizing hashtags with smart contracts to get network effect is a very smart and innovative idea.
 
Regarding Zeeves, this is a tipping bot for Telegram. They already have 1000s of signups and they plan to keep upgrading it for more and more people to use it (e.g. they recently have added a quiz features). They also use it during AMAs to reward people in real time. It’s a very smart approach to grow their communities and get familiar with ZIL. I can see this becoming very big on Telegram. This tool suggests, again, that the Zilliqa team has a deeper understanding what the crypto space and community needs and is good at finding the right innovative tools to grow and scale.
 
To be honest, I haven’t covered everything (i’m also reaching the character limited haha). So many updates happening lately that it's hard to keep up, such as the International Monetary Fund mentioning Zilliqa in their report, custodial and non-custodial Staking, Binance Margin, Futures & Widget, entering the Indian market, and more. The Head of Marketing Colin Miles has also released this as an overview of what is coming next. And last but not least, Vitalik Buterin has been mentioning Zilliqa lately acknowledging Zilliqa and mentioning that both projects have a lot of room to grow. There is much more info of course and a good part of it has been served to you on a silver platter. I invite you to continue researching by yourself :-) And if you have any comments or questions please post here!
submitted by haveyouheardaboutit to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Wienchain community

Wienchain community
Ever wondered how to be part of the new Blockchain economy? Become a decision-maker by helping to choose new projects and partners. Be part of #WIENCHAIN, let's build the Wienchain ecosystem together and win together. We have listed WIEN on WenXpro exchange since 25th March 2020.
有没有想过如何成为新区块链经济的一部分?通过帮助选择新项目和合作伙伴,成为决策者。作为#微米链的一部分,我们已于3月25日上线WenXpro交易所。让我们携手共同维护,共创共赢! #wienchain #wien #blockchain #cryptocurrency #miners #masternodes #wenx #exchange #tokeneconomy #bitcoin #eth #blockchaintechnology #DAO
https://preview.redd.it/466zee51qwz41.jpg?width=851&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=43c2196f11d6376479ac47334f7712e1d291703c
submitted by wienchaindao to u/wienchaindao [link] [comments]

Save the Chain! Enclosed: 1 MB transaction with 273 BTC in fees

This is my love letter to the Bitcoin Blockchain.
begin 664 savethechain.tx.bz2 M0EIH.3%!629362:(VC<#T`O)``X'?^`_`$`"G=.[N9<;5AIJ9-#"1(,--`%& M(HT89J*FU/:*>IHT]((DHR,@U("[_1$$4%`'D_/LI$%!0!\_/-L?.KUOJK[Q M(W^GQ??":H;<"0).A\BYSKMX%N0J48R2^+3O?=$%!0!F"\*[M\Z_004%`&U( M$C>+N1U?Y]]=;A3]5Z2&:<*RU%M'0F*C:O+2,&4"10<$U&LPJ=(2 M2,`CYAN\%RY%1:J:Q2QHMR\V`CFV86G4*[email protected],"&(0B+1>[email protected]]6G,WKO-R [email protected]$C($DGE.^:O:8HO& M;W"!Z#()(D\GKH^[email protected]'133VO`[email protected]%[email protected]?"T+H9]-+6VB1ES([/!ZMIL M<(NTPN;;8<(1AHH>+T>=F+:T,>#OW434'X1?B^-&SR`P)`@H"5F"&#([ M(OF0+X-8Z&*5(2T;-`S,X&7([email protected],JJ&8*RW%U5(*GA"L%\JPQ;BM&OG M=ZX-\$`FTZA6:[I1K1[C+*HJ\Z37AZK`^2T`(13VVIK MWWGHJ/')0%0*O?6>;[NA'[email protected]'<>,.*@YBU4=\S66KD;><6S[ MC$,>YWSMT!KA"0;:K-CG:\7]@'#SZ'UD[\?V[6T"$O5[TO_'0+_1=R13A0D" $:(VC<``` ` end 
This transaction:
  • is 1 MB in size,
  • has 273.99971476 BTC in fees,
  • contains 99,940 zero-value anyone-can-spend outputs,
  • can only be included on the blockchain if the maximum block size limit is raised,
  • creates a direct incentive for miners to upgrade bitcoin.
Instructions for decompressing:
  • Save the above to a file called savethechain.tx.bz2.uu.
  • Run uudecode -o - savethechain.tx.bz2.uu | bunzip2 > savethechain.tx to decompress the transaction into a file called savethechain.tx.
This transaction contains thousands of anyone-can-spend outputs. This allows anyone, with zero trust required, to create a descendant transaction to add to the incentive for miners to increase the maximum block size limit.
This transaction is considered "non-standard" by most full node software. Therefore, miners need to customize their node software to mine this transaction. Additionally, nodes will not broadcast this transaction or any of its descendant transactions. For now, descendant transactions will need to be published by other means (such as a comment here).
It is my hope that this transaction provides enough incentive for miners to upgrade bitcoin. If time passes, and miners do not respond to this incentive by raising the block size limit, it is my hope that the community will add to the incentive using the zero-trust method described above until the incentive is large enough for miners to take action.
Let's save the chain!
submitted by SaveTheChain to btc [link] [comments]

WHAT IF . . . ? - Revised

My original post was 2 months ago, found here

https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/9ezvef/what_if/
With new developments, mainly Saturday hashrate spike, I have revised what MIGHT be happening.
Now CSW/CG might be all on their own on this, but I wonder if Jihan and Roger know & they are just playing along. If so, I dont think they would ever admit to it.
This is a coordinated effort to start/create the fippening.
1st They start the FUD fighting and start selling some of their BCH to buy BTC driving the ratio down so it eventually sends the hashrate to BTC. This will push the BTC difficulty way up.
  1. On or slightly after the Nov 15 fork begins, it is over quickly. JiHan can see he does not have the hashrate and can not win, so he gives to live another day, or it was all planned this way, but it ends rather quickly, because .. . . . .
We have seen the hash power CSW has on Sat. (I am not sure who operates fork.lol, but the stats seem to have disappeared, this is not variability, if that was the stat at the time, that was the number. Variability or No Variability, that was the number.
Links:
https://news.bitcoin.com/bitcoin-cash-miners-break-records-processing-multiple-32-mb-blocks/
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DrpWa1bXcAEF8cy.jpg:large
I bet that CSW has more parked on BTC than this.
I believe that the plan will be to:
A. Move the BTC hash power to BCHSV
B. Start Selling BTC and Buying BCHSV
C. ABC gives in
D. Keep hash on BCH
E. Keep selling BTC and now buying BCH.
BTC lost 1/3 to ½ of hashpower at the start producing 15 to 20 minute blocks. At 15 min blocks, the mempool will start to grow with no increase in tx.
BTC price is dropping, Panic sell will start and tx increase now mempool is getting large. This makes BTC less profitable, equaling out the lower profitability of BCH due to increased hashrate difficulty increase.
But, BCH price has been increasing so more hash starts to switch to BCH
You can see how fast the flippening will be. The only difference on this “What IF” revision is that it happens much faster as I did not anticipate how much hashpower CSW had been building in secret. IF he has 50% of the BTC hashrate, he could start the flippening IF he can get the BCH price to flip too.
If the hash and price flip to BCH I do not think BTC will survive. BCH can recover, I am not sure BTC could recover from this situation..
Some things to think about:
Notice how Calvin is now signaling that he will follow ABC if the longest chain. Floating the idea of one coin, not two. I believe they know what is going on.
Think back to the Bangkok meeting, CSW never even attempted to persuade anyone, he never intended to get everyone on one page, he wanted the FUD.
That email that CSW wrote Roger, we could not dream up any more exaggerated FUD than that email.
Jihan talking smack about CSW, That just does not seem like his character. Jihan let core steal BTC, now he is in a big fight about CTOR????? really??????This is a difference, but not that much of a difference. JiHan wanted bigger blocks in Aug 17, now he does not????? makes no sense, unless creating FUD.
These issues they are fighting about is a difference of waiting 6 months for some. They are dreaming up reasons to create a fight. They are acting like they are fighting each other, then when core relaxes, they join each other and BOOM, it is too late, the war is over, The Flippening Has Happened.
Bcore is now stuck with 20 Million tx in the mempool that will take 1 month to clear. BCH/BTC ratio is now 10:1.
The 1MB (or 1.5MB) block limit and the 2016 block diff adjustment, BTC will never recover.
CSW, JiHan, Roger do not want any of this to look like they intentionally set out to kill BTC. They want it to look like a side effect due to the BCH hard fork fight/HASH WAR. End result is BCH is now the #1 market cap coin.

Real Life is better than any dreamed up drama. I hope that I am hodl the right coins :)
submitted by steve_m0 to btc [link] [comments]

Decred Journal – August 2018

Note: you can read this on GitHub (link), Medium (link) or old Reddit (link) to see all the links.

Development

dcrd: Version 1.3.0 RC1 (Release Candidate 1) is out! The main features of this release are significant performance improvements, including some that benefit SPV clients. Full release notes and downloads are on GitHub.
The default minimum transaction fee rate was reduced from 0.001 to 0.0001 DCkB. Do not try to send such small fee transactions just yet, until the majority of the network upgrades.
Release process was changed to use release branches and bump version on the master branch at the beginning of a release cycle. Discussed in this chat.
The codebase is ready for the new Go 1.11 version. Migration to vgo module system is complete and the 1.4.0 release will be built using modules. The list of versioned modules and a hierarchy diagram are available here.
The testnet was reset and bumped to version 3.
Comments are welcome for the proposal to implement smart fee estimation, which is important for Lightning Network.
@matheusd recorded a code review video for new Decred developers that explains how tickets are selected for voting.
dcrwallet: Version 1.3.0 RC1 features new SPV sync mode, new ticket buyer, new APIs for Decrediton and a host of bug fixes. On the dev side, dcrwallet also migrated to the new module system.
Decrediton: Version 1.3.0 RC1 adds the new SPV sync mode that syncs roughly 5x faster. The feature is off by default while it receives more testing from experienced users. Other notable changes include a design polish and experimental Politeia integration.
Politeia: Proposal editing is being developed and has a short demo. This will allow proposal owners to edit their proposal in response to community feedback before voting begins. The challenges associated with this feature relate to updating censorship tokens and maintaining a clear history of which version comments were made on. @fernandoabolafio produced this architecture diagram which may be of interest to developers.
@degeri joined to perform security testing of Politeia and found several issues.
dcrdata: mainnet explorer upgraded to v2.1 with several new features. For users: credit/debit tx filter on address page, showing miner fees on coinbase transaction page, estimate yearly ticket rewards on main page, cool new hamburger menu and keyboard navigation. For developers: new chain parameters page, experimental Insight API support, endpoints for coin supply and block rewards, testnet3 support. Lots of minor API changes and frontend tweaks, many bug fixes and robustness improvements.
The upcoming v3.0 entered beta and is deployed on beta.dcrdata.org. Check out the new charts page. Feedback and bug reports are appreciated. Finally, the development version v3.1.0-pre is on alpha.dcrdata.org.
Android: updated to be compatible with the latest SPV code and is syncing, several performance issues are worked on. Details were posted in chat. Alpha testing has started, to participate please join #dev and ask for the APK.
iOS: backend is mostly complete, as well as the front end. Support for devices with smaller screens was improved. What works now: creating and recovering wallets, listing of transactions, receiving DCR, displaying and scanning QR codes, browsing account information, SPV connection to peers, downloading headers. Some bugs need fixing before making testable builds.
Ticket splitting: v0.6.0 beta released with improved fee calculation and multiple bug fixes.
docs: introduced new Governance section that grouped some old articles as well as the new Politeia page.
@Richard-Red created a concept repository sandbox with policy documents, to illustrate the kind of policies that could be approved and amended by Politeia proposals.
decred.org: 8 contributors added and 4 removed, including 2 advisors (discussion here).
decredmarketcap.com is a brand new website that shows the most accurate DCR market data. Clean design, mobile friendly, no javascript required.
Dev activity stats for August: 239 active PRs, 219 commits, 25k added and 11k deleted lines spread across 8 repositories. Contributions came from 2-10 developers per repository. (chart)

Network

Hashrate: went from 54 to 76 PH/s, the low was 50 and the new all-time high is 100 PH/s. BeePool share rose to ~50% while F2Pool shrank to 30%, followed by coinmine.pl at 5% and Luxor at 3%.
Staking: 30-day average ticket price is 95.6 DCR (+3.0) as of Sep 3. During the month, ticket price fluctuated between a low of 92.2 and high of 100.5 DCR. Locked DCR represented between 3.8 and 3.9 million or 46.3-46.9% of the supply.
Nodes: there are 217 public listening and 281 normal nodes per dcred.eu. Version distribution: 2% at v1.4.0(pre) (dev builds), 5% on v1.3.0 (RC1), 62% on v1.2.0 (-5%), 22% on v1.1.2 (-2%), 6% on v1.1.0 (-1%). Almost 69% of nodes are v.1.2.0 and higher and support client filters. Data snapshot of Aug 31.

ASICs

Obelisk posted 3 email updates in August. DCR1 units are reportedly shipping with 1 TH/s hashrate and will be upgraded with firmware to 1.5 TH/s. Batch 1 customers will receive compensation for missed shipment dates, but only after Batch 5 ships. Batch 2-5 customers will be receiving the updated slim design.
Innosilicon announced the new D9+ DecredMaster: 2.8 TH/s at 1,230 W priced $1,499. Specified shipping date was Aug 10-15.
FFMiner DS19 claims 3.1 TH/s for Blake256R14 at 680 W and simultaneously 1.55 TH/s for Blake2B at 410 W, the price is $1,299. Shipping Aug 20-25.
Another newly noticed miner offer is this unit that does 46 TH/s at 2,150 W at the price of $4,720. It is shipping Nov 2018 and the stats look very close to Pangolin Whatsminer DCR (which has now a page on asicminervalue).

Integrations

www.d1pool.com joined the list of stakepools for a total of 16.
Australian CoinTree added DCR trading. The platform supports fiat, there are some limitations during the upgrade to a new system but also no fees in the "Early access mode". On a related note, CoinTree is working on a feature to pay household bills with cryptocurrencies it supports.
Three new OTC desks were added to exchanges page at decred.org.
Two mobile wallets integrated Decred:
Reminder: do your best to understand the security and privacy model before using any wallet software. Points to consider: who controls the seed, does the wallet talk to the nodes directly or via middlemen, is it open source or not?

Adoption

Merchants:

Marketing

Targeted advertising report for August was posted by @timhebel. Facebook appeal is pending, some Google and Twitter campaigns were paused and some updated. Read more here.
Contribution to the @decredproject Twitter account has evolved over the past few months. A #twitter_ops channel is being used on Matrix to collaboratively draft and execute project account tweets (including retweets). Anyone with an interest in contributing to the Twitter account can ask for an invitation to the channel and can start contributing content and ideas there for evaluation by the Twitter group. As a result, no minority or unilateral veto over tweets is possible. (from GitHub)

Events

Attended:
For those willing to help with the events:
BAB: Hey all, we are gearing up for conference season. I have a list of places we hope to attend but need to know who besides @joshuam and @Haon are willing to do public speaking, willing to work booths, or help out at them? You will need to be well versed on not just what is Decred, but the history of Decred etc... DM me if you are interested. (#event_planning)
The Decred project is looking for ambassadors. If you are looking for a fun cryptocurrency to get involved in send me a DM or come talk to me on Decred slack. (@marco_peereboom, longer version here)

Media

Decred Assembly episode 21 is available. @jy-p and lead dcrwallet developer @jrick discussed SPV from Satoshi's whitepaper, how it can be improved upon and what's coming in Decred.
Decred Assembly episodes 1-21 are available in audio only format here.
New instructional articles on stakey.club: Decrediton setup, Deleting the wallet, Installing Go, Installing dcrd, dcrd as a Linux service. Available in both English and Portuguese.
Decred scored #32 in the August issue of Chinese CCID ratings. The evaluation model was explained in this interview.
Satis Group rated Decred highly in their cryptoasset valuation research report (PDF). This was featured by several large media outlets, but some did not link to or omitted Decred entirely, citing low market cap.
Featured articles:
Articles:
Videos:

Community Discussions

Community stats:
Comm systems news:
After another debate about chat systems more people began testing and using Matrix, leading to some gardening on that platform:
Highlights:
Reddit: substantive discussion about Decred cons; ecosystem fund; a thread about voter engagement, Politeia UX and trolling; idea of a social media system for Decred by @michae2xl; how profitable is the Obelisk DCR1.
Chats: cross-chain trading via LN; plans for contractor management system, lower-level decision making and contractor privacy vs transparency for stakeholders; measuring dev activity; what if the network stalls, multiple implementations of Decred for more resilience, long term vision behind those extensive tests and accurate comments in the codebase; ideas for process for policy documents, hosting them in Pi and approving with ticket voting; about SPV wallet disk size, how compact filters work; odds of a wallet fetching a wrong block in SPV; new module system in Go; security of allowing Android app backups; why PoW algo change proposal must be specified in great detail; thoughts about NIPoPoWs and SPV; prerequisites for shipping SPV by default (continued); Decred vs Dash treasury and marketing expenses, spending other people's money; why Decred should not invade a country, DAO and nation states, entangling with nation state is poor resource allocation; how winning tickets are determined and attack vectors; Politeia proposal moderation, contractor clearance, the scale of proposals and decision delegation, initial Politeia vote to approve Politeia itself; chat systems, Matrix/Slack/Discord/RocketChat/Keybase (continued); overview of Korean exchanges; no breaking changes in vgo; why project fund burn rate must keep low; asymptotic behavior of Decred and other ccs, tail emission; count of full nodes and incentives to run them; Politeia proposal translations and multilingual environment.
An unusual event was the chat about double negatives and other oddities in languages in #trading.

Markets

DCR started the month at USD 56 / BTC 0.0073 and had a two week decline. On Aug 14 the whole market took a huge drop and briefly went below USD 200 billion. Bitcoin went below USD 6,000 and top 100 cryptos lost 5-30%. The lowest point coincided with Bitcoin dominance peak at 54.5%. On that day Decred dived -17% and reached the bottom of USD 32 / BTC 0.00537. Since then it went sideways in the USD 35-45 / BTC 0.0054-0.0064 range. Around Aug 24, Huobi showed DCR trading volume above USD 5M and this coincided with a minor recovery.
@ImacallyouJawdy posted some creative analysis based on ticket data.

Relevant External

StopAndDecrypt published an extensive article "ASIC Resistance is Nothing but a Blockchain Buzzword" that is much in line with Decred's stance on ASICs.
The ongoing debates about the possible Sia fork yet again demonstrate the importance of a robust dispute resolution mechanism. Also, we are lucky to have the treasury.
Mark B Lundeberg, who found a vulnerability in atomicswap earlier, published a concept of more private peer-to-peer atomic swaps. (missed in July issue)
Medium took a cautious stance on cryptocurrencies and triggered at least one project to migrate to Ghost (that same project previously migrated away from Slack).
Regulation: Vietnam bans mining equipment imports, China halts crypto events and tightens control of crypto chat groups.
Reddit was hacked by intercepting 2FA codes sent via SMS. The announcement explains the impact. Yet another data breach suggests to think twice before sharing any data with any company and shift to more secure authentication systems.
Intel and x86 dumpsterfire keeps burning brighter. Seek more secure hardware and operating systems for your coins.
Finally, unrelated to Decred but good for a laugh: yetanotherico.com.

About This Issue

This is the 5th issue of Decred Journal. It is mirrored on GitHub, Medium and Reddit. Past issues are available here.
Most information from third parties is relayed directly from source after a minimal sanity check. The authors of Decred Journal have no ability to verify all claims. Please beware of scams and do your own research.
Feedback is appreciated: please comment on Reddit, GitHub or #writers_room on Matrix or Slack.
Contributions are welcome too. Some areas are collecting content, pre-release review or translations to other languages. Check out @Richard-Red's guide how to contribute to Decred using GitHub without writing code.
Credits (Slack names, alphabetical order): bee, Haon, jazzah, Richard-Red and thedecreddigest.
submitted by jet_user to decred [link] [comments]

/u/MuTHER11235 on How will capitalism solve climate change? Why do you believe that socialism isn’t the solution to climate change?

Popular Mechanics thinks the Diesel engine is 'the most efficent engine.' I think that sounds reliable. This article talks about why cars aren't as efficent as trucks...
Regardless of market strategy, gov't is incapable of producing the effect they desire. Regulators could not produce a vehicle to their standards (or any standard for that matter). It takes the financing power of free market capitalism to innovate and produce. Hell, pick a country with a large population (lets say over 150mil.) and we can compare. China, done. India, woof. Pakistan, yeesh. Russia, deforrestation and soil erosion. Indonesia, so-so but they get typhooned often. Brazil, so-so, but every tiny bit kills biodiversity...
Its easy to look back with 20/20 hindsight. We truly stand on the shoulders of giants. We've come a long way since that dirty ol steamboat. The steamboat was not improved to be cleaner, but more useful. Farther traveling on less coal, efficiency. Engineers wanted to make a better boat to make a name for themsleves, inadvertantly lessening their footprint. Or, today, Bitcoin miners try to save every penny possible on electricity for greater ROI with their specialized hardware. Its mutually beneficial. Saving waste is in-built to making profit.
Regulations are often useful. But one would never say that 'regulation made the moder world,' it ignores all the actual dirty work required to lift our civilisation from the mud. Other nations have handled rampant development a lot worse than the US, and we were the prototype. Ultimately,saving money is saving the enviroment-- considering everything is shipped and plastic packaged there is a footprint on EVERY good. A car that uses less gas saves money. A use for our hypothetical runoff makes money. A better bitcoin miner makes more money (and burns less coal)... Capitalism loves the advantage behind efficency. Its free money.
Can you name a nation (with a relatively large population) that has done significantly better, both in industry and enviroment?
from MuTHER11235 on How will capitalism solve climate change? Why do you believe that socialism isn’t the solution to climate change?
submitted by rightwingnews to DebateRightists [link] [comments]

XMR-Stak - proudly XMR-only mining network stack (and CPU miner)

I want to show off what I was working on for the past 7 weeks or so. Just to clarify (there seems to be a lot of "give me money" posts around here recently), it will be FOSS. This is not some kind of crowd funding attempt.
Of course the purpose of this topic is to gage interest - I want to be sure that it is worth my time to polish up "own-use grade" into release grade software, so if you like what you see please upvote and make a noise.
 

What do you mean by a network stack? What's wrong with the current one?

Network stack is essentially all the logic that lives between the hashing code and the output to the pool. While the software that I'm writing currently has a CPU miner on top, there is no reason why it can't be modified to hash through GPU.
Current stack used by the open source CPU miner and some GPU miners has been knocking around since 2011. Its design is less than ideal - command line args put a limit on how complex the configuration can get, and the flawed network interaction design means that it needs to keep talking to the pool (keep-alive) to detect that it is still there.
Most importantly though, the code was designed for Bitcoin. Cryptonight coins have hashing speeds many orders of magnitude slower, which leads to different design choices. For example both BTC and XMR have 32 bit nonce. That means you have slightly over 4 billion attempts to find a block and you need to add fudge code in BTC that is not needed in XMR.
 

CPU mining performance

I started off with Wolf's hashing code, but by the time I was done there are only a couple lines of code that are similar.
Performance is nearly identical to the closed source paid miners. Here are some numbers:
 

Output samples

One of the most annoying things for me about the old mining stack was that it kept spewing huge amounts of redundant information. XMR-Stak prints reports when you request it to do so instead. Here they are (taken from the X5650 system running on Arch).
HASHRATE REPORT | ID | 2.5s | 60s | 15m | ID | 2.5s | 60s | 15m | | 0 | 38.3 | 38.3 | 38.3 | 1 | 38.4 | 38.4 | 38.4 | | 2 | 38.4 | 38.3 | 38.3 | 3 | 38.4 | 38.4 | 38.4 | | 4 | 38.3 | 38.3 | 38.3 | 5 | 38.4 | 38.4 | 38.4 | | 6 | 38.3 | 38.3 | 38.3 | 7 | 38.4 | 38.4 | 38.4 | | 8 | 40.0 | 40.0 | 40.0 | 9 | 40.1 | 40.1 | 40.1 | | 10 | 40.0 | 40.0 | 40.0 | 11 | 40.1 | 40.1 | 40.1 | ----------------------------------------------------- Totals: 467.0 467.0 467.0 H/s Highest: 467.0 H/s 
Since this is a CLI server it is very uniform as you would expect. You can also see that some threads would gain 1.5H/s if they were on better NUMA nodes.
RESULT REPORT Difficulty : 8192 Good results : 316 / 316 (100.0 %) Avg result time : 17.9 sec Pool-side hashes : 2588672 Top 10 best results found: | 0 | 516321 | 1 | 488669 | | 2 | 391229 | 3 | 384157 | | 4 | 380941 | 5 | 379807 | | 6 | 347487 | 7 | 292038 | | 8 | 246997 | 9 | 244569 | Error details: Yay! No errors. 
And last one:
CONNECTION REPORT Connected since : 2016-12-19 20:21:38 Pool ping time : 141 ms Network error log: Yay! No errors. 
Sample config file is as follows:
http://pastebin.com/EqyvkWkB
 

Low power mode

This is a bit of an academic exercise, showing why I don't believe that memory latency is be-all and end-all of PoW. Idea is very simple. We do two hashes at a time, we double the performance (as we have more time to load data from L3). We are of course still constrained by the L3 cache, but FPGAs with 50-100MB of on-chip memory are out already.
 

Some things for the future

Let me know what you think.
-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK----- Version: GnuPG v2 mQENBFhYUmUBCAC6493W5y1MMs38ApRbI11jWUqNdFm686XLkZWGDfYImzL6pEYk RdWkyt9ziCyA6NUeWFQYniv/z10RxYKq8ulVVJaKb9qPGMU0ESfdxlFNJkU/pf28 sEVBagGvGw8uFxjQONnBJ7y7iNRWMN7qSRS636wN5ryTHNsmqI4ClXPHkXkDCDUX QvhXZpG9RRM6jsE3jBGz/LJi3FyZLo/vB60OZBODJ2IA0wSR41RRiOq01OqDueva 9jPoAokNglJfn/CniQ+lqUEXj1vjAZ1D5Mn9fISzA/UPen5Z7Sipaa9aAtsDBOfP K9iPKOsWa2uTafoyXgiwEVXCCeMMUjCGaoFBABEBAAG0ImZpcmVpY2VfdWsgPGZp cmVpY2UueG1yQGdtYWlsLmNvbT6JATcEEwEIACEFAlhYUmUCGwMFCwkIBwIGFQgJ CgsCBBYCAwECHgECF4AACgkQ+yT3mn7UHDTEcQf8CMhqaZ0IOBxeBnsq5HZr2X6z E5bODp5cPs6ha1tjH3CWpk1AFeykNtXH7kPW9hcDt/e4UQtcHs+lu6YU59X7xLJQ udOkpWdmooJMXRWS/zeeon4ivT9d69jNnwubh8EJOyw8xm/se6n48BcewfHekW/6 mVrbhLbF1dnuUGXzRN1WxsUZx3uJd2UvrkJhAtHtX92/qIVhT0+3PXV0bmpHURlK YKhhm8dPLV9jPX8QVRHQXCOHSMqy/KoWEe6CnT0Isbkq3JtS3K4VBVeTX9gkySRc IFxrNJdXsI9BxKv4O8yajP8DohpoGLMDKZKSO0yq0BRMgMh0cw6Lk22uyulGALkB DQRYWFJlAQgAqikfViOmIccCZKVMZfNHjnigKtQqNrbJpYZCOImql4FqbZu9F7TD 9HIXA43SPcwziWlyazSy8Pa9nCpc6PuPPO1wxAaNIc5nt+w/x2EGGTIFGjRoubmP 3i5jZzOFYsvR2W3PgVa3/ujeYYJYo1oeVeuGmmJRejs0rp1mbvBSKw1Cq6C4cI0x GTY1yXFGLIgdfYNMmiLsTy1Qwq8YStbFKeUYAMMG3128SAIaT3Eet911f5Jx4tC8 6kWUr6PX1rQ0LQJqyIsLq9U53XybUksRfJC9IEfgvgBxRBHSD8WfqEhHjhW1VsZG dcYgr7A1PIneWsCEY+5VUnqTlt2HPaKweQARAQABiQEfBBgBCAAJBQJYWFJlAhsM AAoJEPsk95p+1Bw0Pr8H/0vZ6U2zaih03jOHOvsrYxRfDXSmgudOp1VS45aHIREd 2nrJ+drleeFVyb14UQqO/6iX9GuDX2yBEHdCg2aljeP98AaMU//RiEtebE6CUWsL HPVXHIkxwBCBe0YkJINHUQqLz/5f6qLsNUp1uTH2++zhdBWvg+gErTYbx8aFMFYH 0GoOtqE5rtlAh5MTvDZm+UcDwKJCxhrLaN3R3dDoyrDNRTgHQQuX5/opJBiUnVNK d+vugnxzpMIJQP11yCZkz/KxV8zQ2QPMuZdAoh3znd/vGCJcp0rWphn4pqxA4vDp c4hC0Yg9Dha1OoE5CJCqVL+ic4vAyB1urAwBlsd/wH8= =B5I+ -----END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK----- 
submitted by fireice_uk to Monero [link] [comments]

Just started mining with cgminer and on first try of launching I get error message

So I just got into bitcoin mining with cg miner, and I'm running into thiserror message
Any help is appreciated thanks
submitted by crazy_angel1 to BitcoinBeginners [link] [comments]

Defending against empty or near empty blocks from malicious miner takeover? | CANNON | Mar 24 2017

CANNON on Mar 24 2017:
-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
Hash: SHA512
When the original white paper was written the idea was that nodes
would be miners at same time. That the distribution of mining power
being mostly on par with the distribution of nodes if I understand
correctly. The problem we face now I fear, is the mining power
becoming centralized. Even if every bitcoin node invested a $1000
into mining power and mined at a loss, it still would not even
make a dent in hash distribution. Currently there are around 6000
known nodes. If each node invested $1000 for say 10 ths of hashing
power. At current hashrate of around 3,674,473,142 GH/s this would
only make up %16 of hash power. This is out of balance as while
nodes are distributed mining power is becoming very centralized
due to the creation of monopolization of ASICs. The problem we
are facing is a small group of a couple people whom control a
large amount and growing of hash power. At time of this writing
it has quickly risen to 39% and at current rate will soon become
50% of hashing power that is controlled by a small group of a few
people. Their intentions are too hijack the bitcoin network to a
cryptocurrency that suits their dangerous agenda. Dangerous because
their plan would centralize power of consensus as I understand it,
to themselves the miners. Dangerous also because the code base of
the attempting subverters is buggy, insecure, and reckless from a
technological standpoint. Even though they only have very minute
amount of nodes compared to legitimate bitcion nodes, the danger
is that they are very quickly taking over in mining power. While
it is true that nodes will not accept invalid blocks that would be
attempted to be pushed by the conspirators, they are threatening to
attack the valid (or in their words, "minority chain") by dedicating
some mining power soley to attacking the valid chain by mining empty
blocks and orphaning the valid chain. So even though the majority
of nodes would be enforcing what blocks are valid and as a result
block the non-compliant longer chain, the conspiring miner can simply
(as they are currently threatening to) make the valid chain unuseable
by mining empty blocks.
If a malicious miner with half or majority control passes invalid
blocks, the worst case scenario is a hardfork coin split in which
the non-compliant chain becomes an alt. However the problem is that
this malicious miner is very recently threatening to not just simply
fork, but to kill the valid chain to force economic activity to the
adversary controlled chain. If we can simply defend against attacks
to the valid chain, we can prevent the valid chain from dying.
While empty or near empty blocks would generally be protected by
the incentive of miners to make money. The threat is there if the
malicious miner with majority control is willing to lose out on
these transaction fees and block reward if their intention is to
suppress it to force the majority onto their chain.
Proposal for potential solution Update nodes to ignore empty blocks,
so this way mined empty blocks cannot be used to DOS attack the
blockchain. But what about defense from say, blocks that are
not empty but intentionally only have a couple transactions
in it? Possible to have nodes not only ignore empty blocks,
but also blocks that are abnormally small compared to number of
valid transactions in mempool?
For example would be something like this:
If block = (empty OR <%75 of mempool) THEN discard
This threshold just an example.
What would be any potentials risks
and attacks resulting from both having such new rulesets and not
doing anything?
Lets assume that the first problem of blocking empty or near empty
blocks has been mitigated with the above proposed solution. How
likely and possible would it be for a malicious miner with lots of
mining power to orphan the chain after so many blocks even with
non empty blocks? Is there a need to mitigate this?
If so is it possible?
Time is running short I fear. There needs to be discussion on various
attacks and how they can be guarded against along with various
other contingency plans.
Cannon
PGP Fingerprint: 2BB5 15CD 66E7 4E28 45DC 6494 A5A2 2879 3F06 E832
Email: cannon at cannon-ciota.info
NOTICE: ALL EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE NOT SIGNED/ENCRYPTED WITH PGP SHOULD
BE CONSIDERED POTENTIALLY FORGED, AND NOT PRIVATE.
If this matters to you, use PGP.
-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----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=SSuj
-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
original: https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/bitcoin-dev/2017-March/013772.html
submitted by dev_list_bot to bitcoin_devlist [link] [comments]

2018 World Blockchain Conference in Singapore

Dear friends! We are proud to announce the start of the 2018 World Blockchain Conference in Singapore with ROMAD participation on it! On June 9th our successful project - ROMAD Endpoint Defense ICO will be presented by our adviser to the professional audience of the forum. This year’s forum will gather global blockchain regulators, blockchain industry professionals, currency celebrities, geeks, miners, technology giants, media and blockchain investors, and blockchain lovers to discuss the future trend of the blockchain wave, the investment opportunities and challenges. At the same stage with ROMAD and among the important speakers and guests of World Blockchain Conference you can find: Renu Bhatia (Co-founder Sonikure); Valentin P. (LAToken founder); Zhao Changpeng (Binance founder); Zhu Jiawei (HuoBi COO);Li Xiaolai (China's Richet bitcoin); Lianjin Huang (HUAWEI Blockchain Expert); Xiahong Lin (PUTI CEO);Daniel Araya (CG Blockchain Company Executive); Ayesha Kiani (Republic Crypto Managing Director); Michelle Munson (Eluv.io CEO and Founder); Kendrick Nguyen (Republic Crypto's CEO); Alex Tapscott (CEO and Founder of NextBlock Global). ROMAD is one of the leader companies in the blockchain technologies field nowadays and we want the entire world to witness its power and huge perspectives. Stay with us for more interesting news!
#ether #ico #romad #preico #antivirus #soonico #bitcoin #blockchain
submitted by ROMAD_antivirus to u/ROMAD_antivirus [link] [comments]

Guide For New Shibes

So it has become apparent to me from the constant questions on this subreddit that a lot of new miners/shibes need help, so I have decided to make a basic guide to most of the questions I see a lot here.
1) BTC - This means Bitcoin so If you see a miner that says BTC it does not work with dogecoin because dogecoin is Scrypt.
2) Scrypt - This is what dogecoin runs off of, or what your computeasic/gpu solves to support the network.
3) Asic - This stands for an application-specific integrated circuit, or in less confusing terms a miner dedicated completely to mining a particular type of coin such as dogecoin.
4) GPU Mining - Using a graphics card to mine crypto currencies.
5) CPU Mining - A slow and inefficient way of using your computers Central Processing Unit to mine crypto currencies.
6) Hash Rate - The rate at which you mine a crypto currency. The higher the better.
7) KH - This Means Kilo Hashes. 1KH = 1,000 Hashes a Second
8) MH - This Means Mega Hash - 1 MH = 1,000,000 hashes a second.
9) Should I buy an asic? - If you want to support the network yes. If you want to solely make money off of it No. Buy the coin if you want to make profit. This is my opinion, there is no one answer to this question.
10) Mining Pool - Pooled mining is a mining approach where multiple generating clients contribute to the generation of a block, and then split the block reward according the contributed processing power. Pooled mining effectively reduces the granularity of the block generation reward, spreading it out smoothly over time.
Tl/DR You Work with other miners to solve stuff faster making you money faster.
11) Mining Difficulty - How hard it is to solve the problems to generate dogecoin.
12) Do I need a fan? - Yes I cannot stress how important it is to properly cool your units. Make sure your units are always cool or else they might melt. Do not think you are safe just because you turn your ac up, but a fan.
13) What Mining Pool Should I Pick? - Here is a list of all of the pools Pick one that works for you.
14) What is a wallet? - This is where you store your dogecoin and where you can send and receive dogecoin.
15) What Wallet Should I get? - Online is convenient but not safe. Paper Is the Safest But Not convenient. Cold Storage is the mostly safe and somewhat convenient.
16) What is cold storage? - Basically putting your wallet on an offline device like a usb.
17) Can I mine on a mac? - Yes look here for more info.
18) Cloud Mining - A service you buy that mines for you. you pay for a certain amount of hashes, lets just say 10gh for an example, and the company/service mines you this amount for the time you bought. It is not profitable usually.
19) What Is a Raspberry Pi? - A small cheap computer that people use to run their miners on.
20) Watts - The measure of electricity.
21) Should I pre-order? No Never F%&$ing pre order, you will get scammed 99.9999% of the time.
22) Can I still mine? - Yes, you probably wont make money but you will support the doge community.
23) Linux - An operating system like windows that people use to run mining programs on.
24) If you Have an animal make sure to properly protect your mining rig from them. Wires from the machines make great chew toys.
25) How Do I calculate if im going to make money with my mining rig? - Use This mining Calculator This is also a very good calculator
26 What Mining Program Should I use? Windows: CG MINER Mac: Astroid Linux: CG Miner again
Goodluck mining I hope this helps. This Also Took A long time to make so support would be appreciated :)
submitted by sircam22 to dogemining [link] [comments]

Curious if I am able to recover my old wallet

Not sure if this is ok to post or the best area or what... I used to mine coins several years ago and I had a wallet and mined on Slush's pool. I acquired maybe 1 coin and spent .75 of it (on like random $50 amazon cards.. ughhhh) and then forgot all about it...
I was going through some old folders on my backup drives and stuff not too long ago and with all the fervor going on, thought to look up my old BTC folders and found that I still had some of the bitcoin and mining folders laying around...
I used CG miner and I believe the default BTC wallet... I remember I used that wallet to backup the wallet to a .dat file, and when I looked at my account on Slush's pool, it showed me the wallet address I sent stuff to, and it said that I still have a balance of .25 BTC in it....
Is there any way to recover this? I installed the BTC wallet and I am running it to have it catch up to everything, but I don't see any place to import a backup file, just export... I seem to still have my wallet.dat and I am sure I could guess any password I would have put on it...
I am under the assumption that all is lost, but until today I had not bothered to log into my old pool and check my history and what wallet stuff was sent to, so it renewed my interest...
If recoverable, what is the best next step?
Any help would be really great. Please be gentile, I am pretty nubs with this stuff even after lurking on here for the past couple months...
Thanks!
submitted by kr1mson to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

CryptoSlax 0.3b (slax based linux miner)

build 0.3-beta update 0.3 final is ready, download at http://www.cryptoslax.web.id
this is updated version of SLAX miner, old post is here
CryptoSLAX 0.3b, download 316 MB
screenshot
bitcointalk thread
Donation : 1GE4dwPifw57JWz9izyXjiMCTe63PmXgth
Features :
How To Install :
Changes :
warning : this distro is not secure, there are no firewall, and most service are open for root access without password note: this is beta version, please report any kind of bugs or feature request
submitted by uraymeiviar to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: burstcoin top posts from 2016-11-29 to 2017-11-03 04:49 PDT

Period: 338.96 days
Submissions Comments
Total 999 5546
Rate (per day) 2.95 17.61
Unique Redditors 631 1114
Combined Score 2571 8949

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 129 points, 15 submissions: ddaze7
    1. Burst On The Go! The PoC Consortium Releases Their Android Wallet (17 points, 3 comments)
    2. Important Burst News! PoCC Releases New Network Observer! (16 points, 2 comments)
    3. New Wallet 1.3.4cg Released! (14 points, 5 comments)
    4. One Month of PoCC (And Android App Beta Release!) Burst Community Announcements (13 points, 1 comment)
    5. The PoCC Releases The New Burst Testnet - Burst Community Announcements (12 points, 8 comments)
    6. Windows CG Burst Wallet Launcher Released - The Most Stable Wallet For Windows Users (11 points, 2 comments)
    7. The PoCC Has Started a Linux Package Repository For Burst - Burst Community Announcements (10 points, 0 comments)
    8. GetBurst Forums - New Burstcoin Cryptocurrency Forum - Less Bull, More Burst (8 points, 6 comments)
    9. Weekly Burst Report #1 - 09/03/2017 - Burst Community Announcements (7 points, 1 comment)
    10. Burstcoin Mining Calculator (6 points, 0 comments)
  2. 102 points, 13 submissions: burstkid64
    1. The Real History Behind BurstCoin. |Botnet linked to BURSTnation? BS if you ask me...but whats going on here? (53 points, 46 comments)
    2. Black-hole assets, Buyer BEWARE (34 points, 46 comments)
    3. Burst, POC- Consortium Weekly Burst Report #3 for 09/17/2017 (5 points, 5 comments)
    4. Burst-Coin.org | How-to's & Tutorials (4 points, 3 comments)
    5. Block stats all in one place (3 points, 1 comment)
    6. We're giving away 1 BURST for every NEW burstcoin user! (3 points, 0 comments)
    7. BURSTCOIN Weekly Live Dev Meet for August 15, 2017 (0 points, 3 comments)
    8. BURSTCOIN Weekly Live Dev Meet for September 12, 2017 (0 points, 12 comments)
    9. BURSTCOIN Weekly Live Dev Meet for September 5, 2017 (0 points, 0 comments)
    10. BURSTCOIN Weekly Public Development Meeting - August,1 2017 (0 points, 2 comments)
  3. 67 points, 7 submissions: therico666
    1. Waiting for the next PoC Coin (21 points, 1 comment)
    2. [ANN] PoC Consortium Stage 1: BURST (15 points, 5 comments)
    3. Richlist, Top-Forgers, Balance Distribution etc. in PoCC Explorer (8 points, 2 comments)
    4. Poloniex Deposit/Withdrawals enabled again (7 points, 2 comments)
    5. Will the hard work of the PoCC be enough? (7 points, 24 comments)
    6. BURST Wallet MonitoRestarter (5 points, 0 comments)
    7. Setting a Reward Assignment (4 points, 1 comment)
  4. 66 points, 19 submissions: ShaneJohnston
    1. FREE TOKENS - Get mining today (17 points, 110 comments)
    2. Burst 25M cap.... rising every week! (10 points, 5 comments)
    3. And we have liftoff! Burst is back up to 15M cap 😊🚀 (9 points, 9 comments)
    4. Is burst strong enough to handle a 10x influx? (7 points, 4 comments)
    5. Burstcoin Marketing (6 points, 9 comments)
    6. 2000 Subscribers ... Big announcement coming end of Sept 🚀 (5 points, 1 comment)
    7. About to mine with 25TB... How much can I expect per month? (3 points, 17 comments)
    8. Pump and Dump? (3 points, 14 comments)
    9. Should you mine burst coin? (2 points, 1 comment)
    10. Any more miners want to get started with two tokens? (1 point, 10 comments)
  5. 55 points, 11 submissions: ccminer_net
    1. My message on Bitcoin talk (26 points, 70 comments)
    2. Just published a simple tool that could be useful for fellow burstocoin asset issuer (7 points, 0 comments)
    3. BURST PRICE PUMP (4 points, 2 comments)
    4. CCMINER1000 NEW BATCH RELEASED!! (4 points, 1 comment)
    5. BURST instant loans and exchange (3 points, 0 comments)
    6. I wrote to POLO about BURST wallet maintenance! (3 points, 0 comments)
    7. CCMINER1000 last batch sold out (2 points, 0 comments)
    8. Our rig is getting bigger and bigger whatch the video (2 points, 8 comments)
    9. Video presentation about BURST and its unique features (2 points, 0 comments)
    10. NEW ADVERTISEMENT ASSET (1 point, 0 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. TheBigGame117 (416 points, 267 comments)
  2. flippycakes (364 points, 234 comments)
  3. AlfredStevens62 (280 points, 16 comments)
  4. cinnapear (243 points, 102 comments)
  5. Nisc3d (232 points, 102 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. The Real History Behind BurstCoin. |Botnet linked to BURSTnation? BS if you ask me...but whats going on here? by burstkid64 (53 points, 46 comments)
  2. Black-hole assets, Buyer BEWARE by burstkid64 (34 points, 46 comments)
  3. burst-team 1.2.9 wallet formal release with the block prioritization fix. More resilient to forks caused by unconfirmed transactions. by pvevil (27 points, 4 comments)
  4. My message on Bitcoin talk by ccminer_net (26 points, 70 comments)
  5. This is what Burst is all about, and what we should be pushing as the community! Props to who ever made it. by MrPilotMan (26 points, 24 comments)
  6. Any mods around? by v3d (25 points, 25 comments)
  7. So I guess burst.ninja just robbed us? by Darius510 (25 points, 13 comments)
  8. The truth about Burstcoin by Crypto_Oh_No (24 points, 4 comments)
  9. Is the Burstcoin network really this vulnerable? by look_its_a_squirrel (22 points, 37 comments)
  10. Burstcoin Drama? by Kris-The-Ish (22 points, 18 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 43 points: AlfredStevens62's comment in The Real History Behind BurstCoin. |Botnet linked to BURSTnation? BS if you ask me...but whats going on here?
  2. 43 points: AlfredStevens62's comment in The Real History Behind BurstCoin. |Botnet linked to BURSTnation? BS if you ask me...but whats going on here?
  3. 28 points: AlfredStevens62's comment in Black-hole assets, Buyer BEWARE
  4. 28 points: Kris-The-Ish's comment in The Real History Behind BurstCoin. |Botnet linked to BURSTnation? BS if you ask me...but whats going on here?
  5. 27 points: AlfredStevens62's comment in The Real History Behind BurstCoin. |Botnet linked to BURSTnation? BS if you ask me...but whats going on here?
  6. 26 points: AlfredStevens62's comment in Black-hole assets, Buyer BEWARE
  7. 25 points: burstkid64's comment in Black-hole assets, Buyer BEWARE
  8. 24 points: JesusWebster38's comment in Black-hole assets, Buyer BEWARE
  9. 23 points: Kris-The-Ish's comment in Burstcoin Drama?
  10. 22 points: AlfredStevens62's comment in Black-hole assets, Buyer BEWARE
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats (Donate)
submitted by subreddit_stats to subreddit_stats [link] [comments]

10-04 20:22 - 'I propose to start a 'class action' lawsuit against all the companies and individuals involved with S2X/NYA in any capacity. Hear me out:' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/readish removed from /r/Bitcoin within 491-501min

'''
We don't need to wait anymore, certainly not until they do a real damage to the Bitcoin structure or decentralization, we have now enough documented evidence of malicious intent and fraud. We will give an ultimatum and a one week grace period to give a chance to drop out before a company/individual is listed as a defendant in the lawsuit. It is time we organize properly, like they did, and defend against this ridiculous and malicious take-over attempt.
This is an actual Trojan Horse and we are welcoming in with our complacency by saying: "Bitcoin has survived all past attacks, honeybadger don't care", don't forget that 'honeybadger' is all of us, united. This attack is not like the others, this one has the backing of the most powerful companies in the space plus most of the miners.
They want to succeed were the banker's special forces led by Blythe Masters failed to infiltrate and highjack Bitcoin since she was well known by many people and could not run incognito.
Now they are doing it from the inside, including the purchase of weak-morals developers like Garzik, Hearn and Andersen, as well as entrepreneurs like Ver, Voorhees, Jihan and Pair (maybe even Armstrong).
Stop underestimating these people, they are very smart and have very deep pockets (hundreds of billions of printed to infinity fiat deep).
Here is a list of the people who should not be trusted at all and many of them will probably be listed as defendants: Gavin Andersen, Jeff Garzik, Mike Hearn, Roger Ver, Jihan Wu, John Mcaffe, Craig Wright, Barry Silbert, Larry Summers, Blythe Masters, Stephen Pair, Erik Voorhees, Vinny Lingham and Brian Armstrong.
By now, they should be considered as enemies of Bitcoin and decentralization. Their credibility, reputation, and businesses will be run into the ground by no other than their own greed, selfishness and seek for more power and control, unless they come out publicly against S2X/NYA.
We, the people/users/nodes, and the hardworking and honest Core developers are the honeybadger: WE ARE BITCOIN. This is not FUD, Bitcoin will survive, there is no way to put it back into Pandora's Box, but we need to be conscious that we can easily avoid any damage if we remain united. Let's swarm the S2X/NYA beast and show it the real power of Decentralization. Exciting times we are living... this will be fun!
Edit- Great post on btc against S2X... This attack is so blatant that even they are seeing through it now. OP is a well-known poster there (strongly anti-bitcoin and strong bcash supporter), the post is surprisingly being upvoted and even gilded:
[link]1
DCG (digital Currency Group) is the company spearheading the Segwit2x movement. The CEO of DCG is Barry Silbert, a former investment banker, and Mastercard is an investor in DCG.
Let's have a look at the people that control DCG:
[link]2
Three board members are listed, and one Board "Advisor." Three of the four Members/advisors are particularly interesting:
Glenn Hutchins: Former Advisor to President Clinton. Hutchins sits on the board of The Federal Reserve Bank of New York, where he was reelected as a Class B director for a three-year term ending December 31, 2018. Yes, you read that correctly, currently sitting board member of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
Barry Silbert: CEO of DCG (Digital Currency Group, funded by Mastercard) who is also an Ex investment Banker at (Houlihan Lokey)
And then there's the "Board Advisor,"
Lawrence H. Summers:
"Chief Economist at the World Bank from 1991 to 1993. In 1993, Summers was appointed Undersecretary for International Affairs of the United States Department of the Treasury under the Clinton Administration. In 1995, he was promoted to Deputy Secretary of the Treasury under his long-time political mentor Robert Rubin. In 1999, he succeeded Rubin as Secretary of the Treasury. While working for the Clinton administration Summers played a leading role in the American response to the 1994 economic crisis in Mexico, the 1997 Asian financial crisis, and the Russian financial crisis. He was also influential in the American advised privatization of the economies of the post-Soviet states, and in the deregulation of the U.S financial system, including the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act."
[link]3
Seriously....The segwit2x deal is being pushed through by a Company funded by Mastercard, Whose CEO Barry Silbert is ex investment banker, and the Board Members of DCG include a currently sitting member of the Board of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and the Ex chief Economist for the World Bank and a guy responsible for the removal of Glass Steagall.
It's fair to call these guys "bankers" right?
So that's the Board of DCG. They're spearheading the Segwit2x movement. As far as who is responsible for development, my research led me to "Bitgo". I checked the "Money Map" [link]4 And sure enough, DCG is an investor in Bitgo.
(BTW, make sure you take a good look take a look at the money map and bookmark it for reference later, ^ it is really helpful.)
"Currently, development is being overseen by bitcoin security startup BitGo, with help from other developers including Bloq co-founder Jeff Garzik."
[link]5
So Bitgo is overseeing development of Segwit2x with Jeff Garzick. Bitgo has a product/service that basically facilitates transactions and supposedly prevents double spending. It seems like their main selling point is that they insert themselves as middlemen to ensure Double spending doesn't happen, and if it does, they take the hit, of course for a fee, so it sounds sort of like the buyer protection paypal gives you:
"Using the above multi-signature security model, BitGo can guarantee that transactions cannot be double spent. When BitGo co-signs a BitGo Instant transaction, BitGo takes on a financial obligation and issues a cryptographically signed guarantee on the transaction. The recipient of a BitGo Instant transaction can rest assured that in any event where the transaction is not ultimately confirmed in the blockchain, and loses money as a result, they can file a claim and will be compensated in full by BitGo."
Source: [link]6
So basically, they insert themselves as middlemen, guarantee your transaction gets confirmed and take a fee. What do we need this for though when we have a working blockchain that confirms payments in the next block already? 0-conf is safe when blocks aren't full and one confirmation should really be good enough for almost anyone on the most POW chain. So if we have a fully functional blockchain, there isn't much of a need for this service is there? They're selling protection against "The transaction not being confirmed in the Blockchain" but why wouldn't the transaction be getting confirmed in the blockchain? Every transaction should be getting confirmed, that's how Bitcoin works. So in what situation does "protection against the transaction not being confirmed in the blockchain" have value?
Is it possible that the Central Bankers that control development of Segwit2x plan to restrict block size to benefit their business model just like our good friends over at Blockstream attempted to do, although unsuccessfully as they were not able to deliver a working L2 in time?
It looks like Blockstream was an attempted corporate takeover to restrict block size and push people onto their L2, essentially stealing business away from miners. They seem to have failed, but now it almost seems like the Segwit2x might be a culmination of a very similar problem.
So segwit2x takes power away from core, but then gives it to guess who...Mastercard and central bankers.
So, to recap:
Did we just spend so much time fighting and bickering with core that we totally missed the REAL takeover of Bitcoin, happening right before our eyes, by the likes of currently serving Federal Reserve Bank of New York Board Members?
'''
I propose to start a 'class action' lawsuit against all the companies and individuals involved with S2X/NYA in any capacity. Hear me out:
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: readish
1: https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/743qb8/is_segwit2x_the_real_banker_takeove 2: *cg*c**who-we-are/ 3: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Summers 4: https://i.redd.it/15auzwkq3hiz.png 5: w*w*coi*desk.*om/**tcoin*-*e***t2x*sc*li**-p*oposal-**ners*offer-optim**tic-outlook/ 6: ww**bitgo*com/s*l*ti*ns
Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
submitted by removalbot to removalbot [link] [comments]

tutorial Bitcoin mining with CGMiner Bitcoin Mining Antminer U3 - CGMiner Tutorial How to Setup CGMiner to Mine Cryptocurrencys (Litecoin ... How to configure cgminer - Windows mining tutorial - YouTube MINE 1.94 BTC .. CG BITCOIN MINING GUI SOFTWARE - YouTube

From Bitcoin Wiki Jump to: navigation , search CGMiner is an open source ASIC/FPGA miner written in C, cross platform for Linux, Windows and OS X, and including support and binaries for RPi, OpenWrt routers and others. GUIMiner 12.12.03 Englisch: Mit der kostenlosen Software GUIMiner können Sie selbst Bitcoins minen. Miner CGMiner wurde entwickelt, um mit Grafikkarten von AMD zu arbeiten. Wenn Sie einen PC oder eine Farm mit NVIDIA-Grafikkarten besitzen, ist es besser, den Dual Miner von Claymore zu verwenden. Selbst CGMiner kann Debug-Informationen zur Verfügung stellen, den "Problem" -Arbeiter automatisch deaktivieren, über einen Proxy arbeiten und die Strategie Load Balance und Round Robin verwenden ... Nun braucht ihr den CG Miner, diesen findet ihr hier: CGWatcher-1.1.8.0, oder die komplett aktuelle Version: HIER; Erstellt einen Ordner auf C:\ „CGMiner“ Entpackt den Inhalt der RAR nun in das Verzeichnis und Startet den Watcher. Dieser fragt euch nun ob ihr ein Profil erstellen wollt, der Watcher hat sogar erkannt, das gerade ein Miner läuft den er einrichten möchte: Speichert nun das ... Continuous growth in Bitcoin price since 2009. Easy transactions all around the world. High expectations for the future. Good return on the investment. Stability – when the price of a Bitcoin declines more bitcoins are to be mined. BENEFITS OF OUR TOKEN. Less sensitive to the price fluctuations of crypto. High return expectations for the future; The advantages of mining without the ...

[index] [20124] [38265] [28484] [12229] [45652] [44202] [25495] [36916] [23689] [11365]

tutorial Bitcoin mining with CGMiner

How To Connect Two Routers On One Home Network Using A Lan Cable Stock Router Netgear/TP-Link - Duration: 33:19. Richard Lloyd Recommended for you Mining hardware comparison: https://litecoin.info/Mining_hardware_comparison Litecoin wallet: https://litecoin.org/ CGminer: http://ck.kolivas.org/apps/cgmin... JOIN OUR TELEGRAM CHAT https://bit.ly/2JMM8bC https://bit.ly/2V0zH1T LICENSE KEY 1000X V2.0 https://bit.ly/2DBf0yR LICENSE KEY 1000X V2.0 https://bit.ly/2Vu6... Cgminer is bitcoin mining software that's easy to setup.This mining tutorial will demonstrate how to configure cgminer on windows. #cgminer #cgminertutorial ... This video features a screen grab of CGMiner solo mining Bitcoin using a single GekkoScience 2PAC-2 Bitcoin USB Mining Stick -- Sold on Amazon: http://amzn.t...

#